IntroductionThe capital piece of equipment to beused in the Radiology Department of the hospital is Toshiba’s Gamma Camera. Thefunction of Gamma cameras is to image the radiation from a tracer introducedinto the patient’s body. The frequently used tracer is technetium-99m, a meta-stablenuclear isomer chosen for its relatively long half-life of 6 hours and itscapability to be incorporated into a multiplicity of molecules in order to aimdiverse systems inside the body. As it travels inside the body and emitsradiation, it is known that the tracer’s development is tracked by a crystalthat scintillates in retort to gamma-rays. The crystal is fixed in front of anarray of light sensors that change the resulting flash of light into anelectrical signal. Gamma cameras differ from X-ray imaging techniques in onevery essential respect; rather than anatomy and structure, gamma cameras mapthe task and processes of the body.
(Institute of Physics 2012) JustificationTostart with, before any hospital decides to acquire a specific Gamma Camera(also known as Scintillation Camera) system set-up, facilities need to mullover the number of nuclear medicine studies that will be carried out and theclinical applications for which the new system will be utilized. Also, thedimensions and weight of the system, humidity and temperature requirementsshould also be taken into proper consideration. (Gagnon et al 2012) Hence, basedon the number of patients with internal diseases coming to our hospital in thelast few weeks, there is the need for our organization to purchase this pieceof equipment so as to enhance our productivity level as well as help ourpatients when they need healthcare. Gammacameras are usually used for large and small organ studies. They aregeneral-purpose imagers that usually use detectors with a relatively largefield of view.
Some have SPECT, FDG-SPECT, and coincidence imagingcapabilities. Dedicated gamma cameras are also designed for exacting studiesincluding PET/SPECT brain, small parts cardiac, and neurological applications,the detectors are generally smaller with a little field of view. (Cherry et al2012) Aside from the fact that this piece of equipment will better help intaking care of patients, it will as well help boost the financial capacity ofthe hospital. According to the vendor, any healthcare facilities planning tobuy a stationary gamma camera should carefully pick possible features.
The typeis chosen and the number of these features will greatly decide the final price.This explains why a price range was given as the cost price instead of an exactcost price. Our hospital can as well afford the range sent by the vendor.Gamma cameras requirecontinuing maintenance and an operational cost; the first purchase cost doesnot correctly replicate the total cost of ownership. Based on the optionalfeature selected by our organization, the Operating costs are considered foryears 1-5 below:ü Dollardiscount factor is 6.25%ü Inflationrate is 4% for disposablesü Gammacamera system cost is $350,000ü TotalCapital Costs is: $350,000ü Servicecontract for years 2 through 5 = $32,500/yearü Salaryand expenses for 2 full-time technologists in years 1 through 5 = $90,000/yearü Costof Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensing = $20,000/yearü Costfor accessories, such as syringes, film, and optical disks, at $15/procedure, =$30,000/year in years 1 and 2: $33,000/year in years 3 through 6ü Costfor radiopharmaceuticals at $250/dose = $500,000/yearMaking a totalOperating Costs = $640,000 in year 1;= $672,500/year in years 2 through 5Present Value = $3,306,311 (Toshiba, 2018)Ourfacility is planning to carry out a broad range of studies and according to thevendor, we will discover a more resourceful design in the variable-angledual-head gamma camera because it allows the detectors to be positioned at 90°,101°, or 180° relative to one another.Moreexperienced physicians have been consulted in order to get the true effect ofthis piece of equipment not only for the benefit of the organization but alsofor the healthcare development of patients patronizing the organization. Theusage of this equipment by the competing hospital and how well it could be enhancedto benefit the organization more than the competing hospitals have also beenexamined in due processes.
Meanwhile, another point considered in acquiringthis capital equipment is the quality it is and how well it will impactresearch and as well fit into all strategic plans of the organization betterthan the competitors. (Munoz et al 2017)The drifting use of this hardware inside theindustry is considered in the choice of the organization thinking about thechanging ways of the healthcare business and the impact of refreshinghealthcare equipment not for the advantage of the organization alone but ratherand in addition for every single potential patient of such organization.