INTRO Hook:Spending months researching about capital punishment, i noticed many discrepancies about what we should do with these criminals to insure a “safer society”. In many ways, the United States is a great example of a developed nation.
Citizens have freedom of religion, speech, to assemble, to bear arms, among many other rights and opportunities. As Americans, we hold ourselves to a certain moral standard, commending our forefathers for founding our nation on principles of liberty, justice, and equality. However, the US is one of the few nations that still uses capital punishment, or the death penalty. We were ranked fifth in the world for executions: following China, Iran, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia (according to CNN). Is this something we want to be ranked highly for, and are these the countries we want to be compared with? Are those higher ranked countries safer than America?Conversion Story: —Bob Autobee, a retired corrections officer, said the pursuit of the death penalty in his son’s case caused an ‘unspeakable emotional toll’ on his family.
He stated, ‘Given what I know now, I can no longer support Colorado’s broken death penalty system. What’s more, I will work to end it to ensure that our resources are better used and no family ever has to go through what my wife and I have endured.’He said a that lifetime imprisonment would have been a smarter option: ‘If the ultimate punishment in our case had been life without parole, my wife and I could be focusing on more important things like our healing.
It would allow us to feel safer and more at ease.'”Trans: Capital punishment has been a hot topic since its upbringing. Claim: Many Americans support this principle, but more and more people each year are questioning its effectiveness and morality. This is because the death penalty does not deter crime, is proven to be commonly racially biased, and is a fallible system that has cause innocent people to lose their lives.Map/Preview: Firstly, ill explain how the death penalty does not deter crime, then i will talk about racial biases in regard to the death penalty and finally, ill inform you about the people who were found to be innocent after receiving the death penalty. Trans: Today, i am going to challenge your belief about how effective the death penalty is for society and question if it truly does make society safer given its ramifications.
BODY PART A Analyze ideograph: With the death penalty being imposed, the safety of americans are a big priority of our government and society. Connection to ideological system: Execution sounds like a logical answer for stopping crime because it implies that we are going straight to the source of our problem, and executing people that broke the law. Sadly, there are overwhelming flaws within our justice system to completely insure crime will be stopped, justice will arise, and make society safer. Transition: The ideograph of safety and justice for americans from crime is blinding when trying to see clearly all the side effects of using capital punishment. BODY PART BProblem with ideograph (distortion): The death penalty has been around for centuries for the government to show power over its people to insure justice and safety for all. In 1967 through 1972 there were no executions in the United States. In 1972, after reviewing Furman v.
Georgia, the U.S. Supreme court reduced all death sentences pending at the time to life imprisonment after having many botched executions and appeals. Repurpose/Exchange request: I suggest that we go back to that time in the 70’s and get rid of the death penalty and instead impose lifetime imprisonment without parole. Having many flaws with our capital punishment system, like not preventing any crimes, being racially biased and wrongly convicting people, life without parole in prison would still prevent these criminals from committing crimes again and allow for wrongly convicted people to return to society where they belong. Crime problems- It has been proven that the use of the death penalty does not reduce murder rates or deter capital crimes.
A graph from the DPIC (https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/deterrence-states-without-death-penalty-have-had-consistently-lower-murder-rates#stateswithvwithout) As i have stated in my previous speeches, Not only does the death penalty not deter crime but it is also racially bias. Racial problems- Jurors in Washington state are three times more likely to recommend a death sentence for a black defendant than for a white defendant in a similar case. (Prof. K. Beckett, Univ. of Washington, 2014).
https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/documents/FactSheet.pdf Many individuals on death row aren’t just there for the nature of their crime, but because they cannot afford proper representation at trial. According to the ACLU (american civil liberties union), Nearly 15 people who have been executed since 1990 have had evidence surface that almost undeniably proves their innocence.
The large number of exonerations also points to the large number of innocent people put on death row. Transition: With too many variables, the death penalty is a dated method for determining what to do with criminals. Our safety is not insured when our crime rates are still higher in DP states than non-DP states, there are racial biases against minorities and people are executed when they have not committed a crime. You can’t turn back the clock but you can move forward. PERORATION Imagine a world with less and less crime, less racial biases, and justice for everyone.
Imagine spending years, wrongfully convicted as a murder, waiting for the day you’re going to be executed for a crime you didn’t commit. The death penalty is too final. Imposing life imprisonment would allow for time to be in every persons favor. Final Sentence: If you truly want justice, safety and equality like our forefathers, then getting rid of the death penalty is our first step to ensuring justice for all.