In Ode to Melancholy, Keats basically gives us three stanzaswith the subject matter being different ways to deal with sadness in a way. Thefirst stanza warns the reader of what not to do.
First, do not forget your sadnessby “going to Lethe”. Secondly, you musn’t commit suicide by eating the rubygrape. The “ruby grape of Prosperine is poisonous”. Prosperine is the queen ofthe Underworld in mythology.
Thirdly, you should not become obsessed withobjects of death and misery. Keats lists, the beetle, death-moth, and the owlamongst some of these objects. In the last stanza, Keats wraps it up by sayingeverything has a parallel opposite in a way. Pleasure and pain are one, as wellas beauty and death. In Ode to the West Wind, Shelley starts by addressing theWest Wind and asking it to hear him. This poem is about rebirth, ultimately. It’sfilled with pictures of death like, “Pestilence-stricken multitudes: O thou,Who chariotest to their dark wintry bed”. Each stanza features descriptions of decayand or death, such as, “Each like a corpse within it grave, until Thine azuresister if the Spring shall blow”.
By the end of the poem it is clear thatShelley thinks death can be somewhat fruitful. Death creates a chance to bereborn. In Ode: Imitations of Immortality from Recollections ofEarly Childhood, Wordsworth is reliving his glory days (his childhood).
Herecalls when the “meadow, grove, and stream. The earth, and every common sight,to me did seem appareled in celestial light” (lines 1-4). Life is not what itused to be for him. His childhood is overshadowing his current life because hebelieves everything was better.
“The Rainbow comes and goes, and lovely is theRose, the Moon doth with delight , Look round her when the heavens are bare” (Lines1-5 Stanza 2), but he no longer sees the beauty in these things as an adult. Hedoesn’t regret becoming old because he has found joy in new things. Manfred is about a man that is losing/lost thelove of his life. He could no longer live with the things he regrets, which eventuallydrove him insane. He seeks forgetfulness from the seven sins who representearth, as well as its elements (Earth, Ocean, Air, Night, Mountain, Wind, andStar. He never says what he is trying to forget. He asks to see one of them andthe spirit transforms into a woman, probably his lost love.
When he tries toembrace her, the spirit disappears, and he tries to kill himself by jumping offa mountain. A goat hunter or “chamois” saves him by grabbing him as he is aboutto jump off