In different types of waste activities form marine litter,

In 2010, between 4.8 and
12.7 million tonnes of plastic waste was discharged by the earth’s coastal
population into the marine environment (Velis, C., Lerpiniere, D. and Tsakona,
M. 2017). Marine waste and litter has been a major problem that was not given
much attention up until dumps of accumulated waste, which ends up in the marine
environment, caught the attention of researchers and the public.

The UNEP global initiative
on Litter and the ISWA Marine task force, are two initiatives with the sole
goal to better understand marine litter and reduce the volume of waste that
ends up in different water bodies. Both initiatives are quite recent, thus
there are still many gaps in our understanding of the origins, pathways,
conversions and outcome of marine litter.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Marine litter is defined as
“any continual, assembled or manufactured solid perceptible material dumped,
discarded or deserted in different water bodies and coastal habitats” (UNEP
2009). Not to be confused with marine pollution, which is a more generic term
used to describe anything harmful to the oceans, seas and rivers. Just from the
provided definition, marine litter can already be directly linked to the 14th
Sustainable Development Goal, developed by the United Nations, and solid waste
management (refer to figure 1).

Many different types of waste
activities form marine litter, with the main material at focus being plastic
(with all its different typologies). Along with that, there are multiple
methods this plastic waste ends up in different marine bodies, from ship and
boat disposed waste to waste dumps on coasts. The scope of this project is to
consider how the simple act of littering in our day to day life finds a way to
reach and harm different water bodies. The Marine Conservation Society, which
was setup to inform the British public and government of the dangers marine
litter and pollution are having on wildlife at the sea, discovered that the
source of around 37.7% of litter collected, from a sample of waste collected
from the sea, was produced by land-based citizens’ normal act of littering (K
Townend W,2010).

The previous paragraphs indicate the type of
research going on in this field of study. It generally includes data collection
and analysis. When trying to resolve an issue were the main problem is directly
associated with the general public, you must be able to communicate your
findings in a less scientific manner. Educational posters, that are visually friendly
and catchy, play a vital role in sending a strong message to the public. This
can often lead to an increase in public engagement, which is crucial to
mitigation of marine litter.

This
project starts by considering how the simple act of carelessly discarding
litter rather than disposing of it in a rubbish bin, plays a major role in
damaging the marine environment. The act of littering is directly connected to
poor management and collection of waste, especially in developing countries. The act of littering
produces micro plastics, which end up in a vast majority of marine organisms
and eventually back to humans through consumption of different seafood