I have decided focus my individual investigation on antidepressants due to the fact that I have always been fascinated how a pill has the potential to change the way we act,feel and think. My interest in mental health, specifically depression, has become greater with the last few years due to my increased awareness of it through school assemblies, charities and tv programmes. Depression is a mental illness characterised by the lowering of mood often accompanied by disorders of thinking and concentration,feelings of anxiety and disturbances of sleep and appetite. A BBC article titled “The Batman killer- a prescription for murder?” chose me to ask the question “Do the negatives of antidepressants outweigh the positives?” as the article examined if the antidepressants James Holmes took had an influence of his murder of 12 people at a cinema.In the future I hope to study Global Health and Social Medicine at university therefore I believe this investigation will be highly significant and links to my course as there will be an aspect of study on biochemistry and pharmacology, therefore I believe it will be a great advantage to have some understanding of mental health and the effects of drug treatment before I start.
Additionally i think the skills of analysis and interpretation of data in this investigation will also be a vital part of my degree.Aims and objectivesAim 1: Explain” What Depression is?”Objectives: In order to achieve my aim consider I will the following lines of enquiry:Research different aspects of mental healthInvestigate case studies from mental health organisationsSurvey public opinion on mental health and depressionAim 2: Investigate how Depression is most commonly treatedObjectives:Investigate the most common treatments available for depressionCompare antidepressant usage in England and the USAAim 3: Discuss the Pros and Cons of drug treatment for depressionObjectives: To evaluate if people suffer from side effects from their antidepressantsTo see if people recover from their depression through drug treatmentPlanningIn order to complete my project on time. I will split the work into manageable quantities. I have created table with a series of dates for certain tasks I want to be completed by this deadline.TaskDeadlineFind a subject area to do project August 15thCreate possible titles & aims and objectivesAugust 31stWrite introduction and state aims and objectivesSeptember 6thVisit the library/ search online, to find information relevant to my topic (secondary research)September 13thConduct a questionnaire to be sent to a sample of 30 random people in order to obtain (primary research)26th of SeptemberBegin to write up investigation findings1st of OctoberOctober the 15th3.Research methodsTo research my individual project I will need to use both primary and secondary research.
Primary research involves gathering new information that has not been collected before, I will be conducting this research for Aim 1, Objective 3 by creating a survey/ questionnaire. Secondary research involves gathering data that already exists, for example, articles published on the internet.Data to be collectedPrimary or Secondary DataMethod of data collectionPossible sources of errorSolutions to possible sources of errorPurposeCredibilitySurvey(relates to Aim 1, Objective 3P The data will be obtained by sending a survey to people by using Google forms. The data obtained will then be split into quantitative and qualitative data.
This is stratified samplingSample may not be large enough to be representative of populationTo send my questionnaire to a large number of people to increase the validity of the data obtainedThis data will provide figures ( Primary data) and opinions that I can include in my project to analyseDefinition of Mental Health(Aim 1, Objective 1)SUse of: https://www.mentalhealth.gov/basics/what-is-mental-health To educateHow depression is treatedShttps://www.
shtml wjec psychology a level book 2,depression is a mental illness characterised by a lowering of mood often accompanied by disorders of thinking and concentration, feelings of anxiety and disturbances of sleep and appetiteFindingsAim 1-I am hoping to find out what “depression” isObjective 1- Focus on the importance of mental healthMental health problems are second only to HIV/AIDS in regards to discrimination and stigmatisation. Yet 1 in 4 people will suffer from a mental illness at some point. I believe that the importance of mental health needs to be explored so I can answer my first aim and my project question, “Do the dangers of antidepressants outweigh the positives? A quote by Kevin Breel stating “When we break our arm everyone runs forward to sign the cast, yet when we have depression, everyone runs the other way.
I think really sums up the general atmosphere in regards to mental health- specifically depression at this point in time. Therefore I am going to highlight the importance of mental health in my first objective, so I can find out its significance to our wellbeing.The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services defines mental health as “our emotional, psychological, and social well-being”. I believe that having a “good” mental health is a significant factor in human development due to the fact that our mental health affects us at all stages of life and influences the way we act, feel and think.
According to the Mental Health foundation a “Good Mental Health is characterised by a person’s ability to fulfil a number of key functions and activities including:· The ability to learn· The ability to feel, express and manage a range of positive and negative emotions· The ability to form and maintain a good relationship with others· The ability to cope with and manage change and uncertainty”Yet in a world where 450 million people currently suffer from a mental health issue it difficult to believe that mental health is not viewed as important compared to other illnesses by our governments or citizens. A stable mental health is extremely significant because according to the World Health Organisation “Depressive disorders are already the fourth leading cause of the global disease burden. They are expected to rank second by 2020, behind ischaemic heart disease but ahead of all other diseases.” However the NHS only contributes 13% of its budget toward mental health when its accounts for 28% of all cases. Whereas globally more than 33% of countries allocate less than 1% of their total health budgets to mental health, with another 33% spending just 1% of their budgets on mental health. The consequences of this lack of funding and ignoring the importance of mental health can have quite a severe effect on those suffering from mental disorders, a 2012 study by the British Medical Journal found that people with even mild mental health problems may have a lower life expectancy.
Furthermore nearly 30 percent of all people with a long-term physical health condition also have a mental health problem, most commonly being depression/anxiety. Additionally mental health issues can actually worsen physical illnesses, the effect of poor mental health on physical illnesses is estimated to cost the NHS at least £8 billion a year. Therefore I think it is a vital idea that mental health is important due to all of the other factors it has an influence over. wjec psychology a level book 2,depression is a mental illness characterised by a lowering of mood often accompanied by disorders of thinking and concentration, feelings of anxiety and disturbances of sleep and appetiteObjective 3- Survey public opinion on mental health and depressionI decided to conduct primary research into how many people suffer from depression.Aim 2: Investigate how Depression is most commonly treatedObjectives:Investigate the most common treatments available for depressionDepression can be treated in a variety of ways, due to the fact that depression affects people in differently and is therefore unique to the individual. Some ways to treat depression include Electroconvulsive Therapy, Psychotherapy, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and exercise.
However, it is clear that the most common treatments available for depression are antidepressants and psychotherapy. However, antidepressants are by far the most popular treatment . In a survey conducted by Marcus and Olfson in 1998 and again more recently in 2007, it was found that nearly 75% of the patients who were treated for depression received antidepressant medications and in the 2007 survey less than half of those who received antidepressants also received psychotherapy.However due to these figures Compare antidepressant usage in England and the USAAntidepressant usage in England and the US has increased significantly within the last few years. Aim 3: Discuss the Pros and Cons of drug treatment for depressionObjectives: To evaluate if people suffer from side effects from their antidepressantsTo see if people recover from their depression through drug treatmenthttps://www.
Conclusion9.Self evaluation10.Bibliography1.Article title:Depression (major depressive disorder) – Diagnosis and treatment – Mayo ClinicWebsite title:Mayoclinic.
orgURL:https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20356013Context of source:Quality:Usefullness:2.Article title:What Is Mental Health? | MentalHealth.