Hook:Genghis Khan, a well-known Mongol leader from the steppes of Northwest China once stated, “All who surrender will be spared; whoever does not surrender but opposes with struggle and dissentian, shall be annihilated.” When in battle, one of their battle tactics is to allow the enemy to surrender to them, but if one is to reject the offer, they will be destroyed.Background information: Refer to pages 294-296 (Origins and Factors of Success)Living as nomads, the Mongols lived in tents known as yurts. A khan, or ruler would lead every small Mongol clan. In the year 1167, a child, soon to be known as the powerful Genghis Khan was born, fatherless, into a family living through poverty. He grew into a man with the dream to later unite the Mongols under his rule. By 1206, he accomplished his dream at the expense of brutally killing millions, nearly 10 percent of the world population. The Mongols quickly covered the largest area of land the world had seen and is known as the largest contiguous empire with its territory stretching from the Pacific Ocean to the Caspian Sea. Thesis: Write a 3 point point thesis addressing whether the Mongols are more civilized or barbaricAfter researching the history of the Mongols, many can conclude that the Mongols are shown to be civilized, as they have strategic battle tactics, strong religious tolerance, and an organized and set law and order.Body paragraph #1Topic Sentence:Under the rule of brilliant military leader Genghis Khan, the Mongols achieved the largest contiguous empire throughout history, with many factors in their success.Concrete Detail/Evidence: According to Plano Carpini, author of History of the Mongols, writes about Mongol forces while in battle, “Other columns of stronger men they dispatch far off to the right and the left so that they are not seen by the enemy…”(DOC 3).Commentary: (How does this prove they were barbaric or civilized?) Clearly, this proves the Mongols were (barbaric/civilized) because…Clearly, this proves the Mongols were civilized because this quote shows that they have strategic and organized battle tactics, increasing their rate of success. In using this strategy, it allows the Mongols to surround and close in on their enemy so that they are able to attack their enemy from all sides. Commentary: (Why is it important):This is important because it gives the Mongols a slight advantage against their opponent, closing all routes of escape. By doing this, the chance of surrender increases rapidly.Concrete Detail/Evidence #2:According to Plano Carpini, author of History of the Mongols, states a battle tactic Mongol forces use while in battle, “…the army should be organized in such a way that over ten men should beset one man and he is what we call a captain of ten; over ten of these should be placed one, named a captain of a hundred; at the head of ten captains of a hundred is placed a soldier known as a captain of a thousand…”(DOC 2).Commentary:In this quote, the Mongols are shown to be civilized, as they have battle tactics that are strategically planned and organized. This way, they are able to send off groups of soldiers one at a time, so that the others are able to rest and come to battle when needed.Commentary:These battle tactics are important because they allow Mongol forces to use these strategies to successfully conquer foreign lands and gain larger territory. As they gain larger territory, their army additionally expands, similar to their prosperous empire. Concluding sentence: In conclusion, the prosperity of the Mongol empire had several factors resulting in its success, with organized and strategic battle tactics among them.Conclusion:Restatement of thesis:Maintaining law and order, incorporating religious tolerance, and strategically planning successful battle tactics have allowed the Mongols to have a prosperous and civilized empire under their rule.Summary of body paragraph:To summarize, the Mongolians had a very civilized empire, with battle tactics as one of their factors of success. Some tactics they used were surrounding the enemy, allowing them to attack from all sides, trading out groups of soldiers, so the others could rest before going out to battle. As a result, the Mongolian people prospered in an empire under their rule for many years.Counter-argument (opposite POV): Another point of view is that the Mongols were barbaric. Many people support that opinion with evidence stating that the Mongols executed the opposing army in battle if they won the fight. Those people say that the army fighting against the Mongols were only trying to protect themselves, and that they didn’t deserve to be killed. Rebuttal (Another reason in favor of your argument that answers rebuttal): Although true, the Mongols continue to be civilized because if they had let the soldiers in the army that were fighting against them survive, then they would be at risk of being overthrown from power. Soldiers from the opposing army would be able to form rebellions against the Mongols, if they survived. In executing the enemy, the Mongols would only have to be concerned about protecting their borders, instead of the whole empire. In other words, instead of having to keep control of possible rebellions and foreign attacking forces, the Mongols would only have to defend themselves against the attacking armies.Significance in history and today (2 sentences): (no cliches) The Mongols show great significance throughout history and today, as they have spread tactics for armies around the world, such as the use of gunpowder during battle. Using this tool, many armies across the globe are allowed a higher rate of success in battles, since other armies may not have this powerful weapon, let alone the well chosen Mongol battle strategies.