GroupGroup is a collection of three or more people whointeract and attempt to influence each other in order to accomplish a commonpurpose.
A group may be defined as two or more individuals,interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particularobjectivesNature of Group Musthave collective identity. Mustan interaction to each other’s. Musthave shared goal interest. Usuallyconsists on to or more personsTypes of groupsFormal GroupCommandGroup: It is a groupconsisting of individuals who report directly to the managerInterestGroup: It us a group by individuals working to achieve aspecific objective.Example:A group of workers on a project and reporting to the same manager is consideredas a command group. A group of friends chilling out together is considered asinterest group or say members of a club.
Informal Group These groupsare formed with the friendships and common interests. These can be furtherclassified into two sub-groups.TaskGroup: members with common interest. For example; study.Cultural, gaming groupsFriendshipgroup: members who enjoy similar social activities,political beliefs, religious values.
For example; committee, volunteers infunction. Stages of group Development Forming Group acquaints and establishes ground rules. Formalities are preserved and members are treated as strangers. Norming People feel part of the group and realize that they can achieve work if they accept other viewpoints. Storming Members start to communicate their feelings but still view themselves as individuals rather than part of the team.
They resist control by group leaders and show hostility. Adjourning The team contacts an assessment of the year and implements a plan for transitioning roles and recognizing member’s contribution. Performing The team workers an open and trusting atmosphere where flexibility is the key and hierarchy is of little importance. Advantages of group work Workingin groups increase productivity Workin groups allow members to have more resources Workin groups is more reliable than individually. Memberlearns new things and new methods.
Disadvantages of group work Peoplemight loaf around Freeriders Lossof resources Nopersonal interaction TeamA team work is a collection of people where individualefforts in a level of performance which is greater than the sum of individualcontribution.Types of team Problemsolving teams Self-managedteams Crossfunctional teams Virtualteams Building effective teams Settingclear goals Selectingteam member Provideleadership Rewardingthe team DevelopingtrustAdvantages of team building Divisionof work is equally Membersshared responsibility when things go wrong Everymember have an opportunity to get to play on their strengths Communicationskills is being improved individually.Disadvantages of team building Sometimesmembers participates unequally and relay on each other’s. Thereis no individual thinking when working in teams Decisionmaking process is very slow which takes too much time. Workingin teams may ignored creativity Conflictsraised mostly between members Difference between group and teams Groups Large number of people Selection criteria in immaterial single leaders leads the whole group until target has been met Focus is on the leaders as he or she assigns duties as to what the group has to do Conformity is observed by the whole group which is to follow the leader in attitude Individual accountability Teams Limited in numbers Selection criteria is crucial Leadership is shared or rotated Mutual knowledge and understanding happens throughout Role is spread across the whole team and is coordinated by all the members Dynamic interaction happens throughout the team Individual & mutual accountability Conclusion Bothteam and groups requires employees to co-operate with others, shareinformation, confront differences, an