Group These groups are formed with the friendships and

GroupGroup is a collection of three or more people whointeract and attempt to influence each other in order to accomplish a commonpurpose.A group may be defined as two or more individuals,interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particularobjectivesNature of Group    Musthave collective identity.    Mustan interaction to each other’s.    Musthave shared goal interest.    Usuallyconsists on to or more personsTypes of groupsFormal GroupCommandGroup:  It is a groupconsisting of individuals who report directly to the managerInterestGroup: It us a group by individuals working to achieve aspecific objective.Example:A group of workers on a project and reporting to the same manager is consideredas a command group.

A group of friends chilling out together is considered asinterest group or say members of a club.   Informal Group These groupsare formed with the friendships and common interests. These can be furtherclassified into two sub-groups.TaskGroup: members with common interest.

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For example; study.Cultural, gaming groupsFriendshipgroup: members who enjoy similar social activities,political beliefs, religious values. For example; committee, volunteers infunction.                 Stages of group Development Forming  Group acquaints and establishes ground rules.

Formalities are preserved and members are treated as strangers.               Norming People feel part of the group and realize that they can achieve work if they accept other viewpoints.             Storming Members start to communicate their feelings but still view themselves as individuals rather than part of the team. They resist control by group leaders and show hostility.                     Adjourning The team contacts an assessment of the year and implements a plan for transitioning roles and recognizing member’s contribution.           Performing The team workers an open and trusting atmosphere where flexibility is the key and hierarchy is of little importance.                                                                                                             Advantages of group work    Workingin groups increase productivity    Workin groups allow members to have more resources    Workin groups is more reliable than individually.

    Memberlearns new things and new methods.Disadvantages of group work    Peoplemight loaf around    Freeriders     Lossof resources    Nopersonal interaction TeamA team work is a collection of people where individualefforts in a level of performance which is greater than the sum of individualcontribution.Types of team    Problemsolving teams    Self-managedteams    Crossfunctional teams    Virtualteams      Building effective teams    Settingclear goals     Selectingteam member    Provideleadership    Rewardingthe team    DevelopingtrustAdvantages of team building    Divisionof work is equally    Membersshared responsibility when things go wrong    Everymember have an opportunity to get to play on their strengths    Communicationskills is being improved individually.Disadvantages of team building    Sometimesmembers participates unequally and relay on each other’s.    Thereis no individual thinking when working in teams     Decisionmaking process is very slow which takes too much time.

    Workingin teams may ignored creativity    Conflictsraised mostly between members          Difference between group and teams  Groups     Large number of people     Selection criteria in immaterial single leaders leads the whole group until target has been met     Focus is on the leaders as he or she assigns duties as to what the group has to do     Conformity is observed by the whole group which is to follow the leader in attitude     Individual accountability Teams     Limited in numbers     Selection criteria is crucial     Leadership is shared or rotated     Mutual knowledge and understanding happens throughout     Role is spread across the whole team and is coordinated by all the members     Dynamic interaction happens throughout the team     Individual & mutual accountability                         Conclusion Bothteam and groups requires employees to co-operate with others, shareinformation, confront differences, an