Greece is a country in SouthernEurope consisting of a mainland and many scattered islands, rocky mountains andmany peninsulas.
Mainland Greece is surrounded on three sides by theMediterranean Sea, the Ionian Sea and the Aegean Sea. Major islands are knownas the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, the Ionian islands, the Isle of Crete and theSouthern Peninsula known as the Peloponnese. The geography of Greece greatly influenced the culture. With only a fewnatural resources and surrounded by water, the people eventually went to thesea for a living. Mountains covered eighty percent of Greece and only smallrivers run through a rocky landscape providing little encouragement foragriculture. As a result the early Greeks settled near islands and settlementsalong the coast of Anatolia known back then as modern day Turkey. The Greeksbecame very good sea people and traders who owned an abundance of raw materialsfor construction in stone, and great skill, building some of the mostimpressive structure of antiquity. Theland space of Ancient Greece was in fact small in size, Athens was the largestGreek city state with a population of 100,000.
Despite the small scale fo thecountry, Western philosophy, literature, mathematics, history, drama, theOlympic Games and democracy originally came from Greece. The idea of an atomicuniverse was first developed in Greece. The Latin alphabet also comes fromGreece. Engineering was developed by Archimedes, of the Greek Colony ofSyracuse.
Greece was originally andfounded by the Phoenicians in the 8thcentury, the Phoenicians were the people who lived in the area currently knownas Lebanon. Clearly, there are many important innovations and discoveries thatcame from Greece. Four major cities in Ancient Greece were Athens, Sparta,Corinth and Thebes. The capital of Ancient Greece was Athens. Ancient Greek wasthe language spoken by the people of Ancient Greece from the 9th to 4thcentury. Ancient Greek and Latin are languages that are no longer spoken inGreece today.
However, these languages had a lasting impact on the world, themajority of English words come from Greek and Latin. https://www.ancient.
eu//greece Early History Of Greece Greek history is most easilyunderstood if you divide it into time periods. The most important periods inGreek History are the ancient times when many of the innovations in governmentand science flourished. Greece was divided into different citystates although they had different political organizations and specific socialand cultural patterns they were combined by a common language and religiousheritage. Although they sometimes formed alliances, the Greece city statesnever united into a nation or an empire.
They were too independent andambitious, despite sharing a common language and rich tradition of sport, art,architecture, literature and philosophy. In fact, the city states often foughtone another and were not brought back together until they were conquered in 338B.C. by Philip II of Macedonia, the father of Alexander the Great. AncientGreece was known as Hellas. Ancient Greece arguably had more lasting impact onWestern Civilization and culture than any other ancient culture. Ancient Greece gave the world itsarchitecture, its statuary, the Olympics, coinage, theater and literature, andlies at the foundations of the cultures in Europe and the Americas and has hada profound influence on all the nations of the world.
Anything else we knowabout Ancient Greek today is because of temples, sculpture, pottery, artefactsand other archaeological findings. http://factsanddetails.com/world/cat56/sub366/item2044.
html Greek Culture And Tradition Greek culture and traditions arevery rich and diverse. The culture of Greece has evolved over thousands ofyears. Reaching great levels of prosperity resulted in a new culture. The richpast of Greece greatly influences its modern lifestyle, the Greeks perspectiveon the world, Greek music, food, customs and traditions, even the way Greeksdid business. Traditions, religions, music, language, food and drinks are thesupport of modern Greek culture and lifestyle, making the country an attractionpoint for visitors from all over the world. The Greek Orthodox Church is anessential part of life in Greece where the most important holidays arereligious in nature and the national religion is practiced by majority of the population.
The Orthodox religion played an important role in maintaining the Greek ethnicand cultural identity. Today the church is more important in political, civic,and governmental affairs. Religion in Greece is present in the educationsector, both in private and public schools.
Children have mandatory religiouscourses and pray together in the morning before classes start. Most Greeks arenot really religious but still respect the Orthodox church and it’s christianfaith. Younger people are not really into church like their grandparents andparents but they still attend the church for special events. For the most partGreece is a really religious country. http://www.novinite.com/articles/115027/Greek+Culture+and+Traditions+-+Where+the+West+Meets+the+East AncientGreece Mythology AncientGreeks were Polytheistic, they believed in multiple Gods. Although there weremultiple Gods and Goddesses that existed in Ancient Greece there were 12 mainOlympian gods that represented everything the Greeks believed in.
Zeus was thelord of the sky and rain he was also the supreme ruler of the Olympian gods.Hera was the wife of Zeusand queen of the ancient Greek gods. She was a woman that representedperfection, and was also goddess of marriage and the family. She was mostfamous for her jealous and vengeful nature, she mainly point to the lovers of herhusband and their illegitimate children.
Poseidon was the god of the sea,the protector of all the waters, earthquakes and horses. He was brother to Zeusand Hades. Demeter was the goddess of corn, grain, and the harvest, the earth,agriculture, and fertility in general. She was the daughter of Cronus and Rhea.
It was believed that Demeter made the crops grow each year, the first loaf ofbread made from the annual harvest was offered to her. Athena represents military strategy and generalship as the goddess of intelligence. Athena was the goddess of wisdom andmilitary victory. She is one of three virgin goddesses. She also served as aguardian of Athens where Parthenon served as her temple.
Apollo was the god of music, truth andprophecy, healing, the sun and light, plague, poetry, and more. Apollo is theson of Zeus and Leto. Artemis was the goddess of hunt, shewas also known as the goddess of wild animals, wilderness, childbirth andvirginity. She was the daughter of Zeus. Ares isthe god of war, one of the Twelve Olympian gods and the son of Zeus and Hera.In literature Ares represents the violent and physical untamed aspect of war. Aphrodite was the goddess of love,beauty and fertility. She was also a protectress of sailors.
Hephaestus it wasbelieved that she was the daughter of Zeus and Dione while others believed thatshe was born from sea-foam. Hermes was the god of trade, wealth, luck,fertility, animal husbandry, sleep, language, thieves, and travel. He was oneof the most cleverest and mischievous of the Olympian gods, he was also thepeople herald and messenger. Hestia is a virgin goddess of the hearth,architecture, and the right ordering of domesticity, the family, the home andthe state. She is the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Dionysus is the god of thegrape harvest, winemaking and wine, ritual madness, fertility, theatre andreligious joyful excitement.
Thesegods were believed to reside on Mt. Olympus and were recognised across Greece. In the Greek imagination the gods were given human bodiesand characters both good and bad and just as ordinary men and women, theymarried, had children, fought, and in the stories of Greek mythologythey directly intervened in human affairs. These traditions were firstrecounted only orally as there was no sacred text in Greek religion and later,attempts were made to put in writingthis oral tradition.Gods became patrons of cities,for example, Aphrodite for Corinthand were called upon for help in particular situations, for example, Aresduring war and Hera for weddings.
For those who think that ancient Greekmythology stories are nothing more than a bunch of outdated tales and crazythey just happen to be wrong.Thesestories may have been written hundreds if not thousands of years ago, but it isgood to remember they were written by wise men who had a hand in helping shapemodern thinking and the Ancient people of Greece believed in thesegods/goddesses. These great men, Aristotle and Sophocles to name a few, werenot mere storytellers, they didn’t spend their days weaving tales just becausethey wanted to and had nothing to do. They were too good for that and this iswhy their Greek myths have withstood the test of time and are relevant untiltoday. http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/greek-mythology In conclusion, I had so much fun doing this project.
It wasso interesting to know about all of the different gods and goddesses and whatpeople in Ancient Greece believed in back then, although to us today is justcool fun stories to tell. The many gods and goddess all were related in sometype of way especially Zeus the main god of the Olympian gods. It was sointeresting to know how some of the building structures look just the same, Ikind of had a hard time telling which building was which I had to keep goingback and forth to make sure i had the right one. I was also so amazed to knowthat Westernphilosophy, literature, mathematics, history, drama, the Olympic Games anddemocracy originally came from Greece. I also enjoyed researching Santorini Greece one of themost beautiful places in Greece. It was so cool to know how today Santorini isan active volcano.
Another beautiful place that I really enjoyed researchingwas Crete, the largest island in Greece. It was also the birthplace of Zeusaccording to Greek mythology. Overall, I picked this country because someday Ihope to travel all over the world and Greece is the first place in my list.
Ihope to one day enjoy Greece food, beautiful beaches and views, visit it’sbeautiful islands, hopefully one day learn their language and of course enjoythe nightlife.