“Good relationship of music and psychology. Cognition which means

“Good music is good no matter what music it is”-Miles Davis .Today I
will be talking about the Music Cognition or in other words the
relationship of music and psychology. Cognition which means that music
psychology seeks to understand the knowledge that support musical
behaviors, including the ability to hear, to see , to remember and the
ability to perform. While music is an aspect of the mind it is mostly
defined as the most important processes of memory and thinking which can
help us in the music cognitive to know how people react towards music
mentally which could either be positive or negative not to forget how
music differs from one culture to another .On the other hand, I will
also be talking about several experiments performed to verify the Music
Cognition. First of all Music psychology or the psychology of
music as it is most formally stated is linked to both psychology and
musicology. Its goal is to help people understand musical behavior and
how it is created to people of whom music is invested in the individual
in his/her everyday life. Individuals that are into music may be
interested in how the sounds make them move or feel. Researcher Thalia
Wheatley stated that “Music makes us move. “Music sets us in motion —
dancing, marching or just tapping our toes”. Music and motion together
can lead to an emotional response, making the individual to feel
romantic, or just happy or sad”.. In addition to that, music also
comes from cultural areas .An individual’s culture or specific ethics
plays an important role in their music cognition, emotions, and musical
memory particular nationalities .The music environment of young children
has always concerned professional musicians. Hence, if music is in
every society, there will be educational music for the youth to benefit
from and grow their music ear. One of the examples for different
perspectives in cultural music is that in Mexico which is more into a
Spanish rhythm .It obviously differs from the American rhythm.
What does music communicate and how does it do this? This is one of the
questions that is frequently asked by many. Music is the universal
language it may communicate through emotions of the singer regarding
what the singer is saying but through the reaction of his feelings to
the audience as the quote says “Actions speak louder than words”. As
well as that Music stimulates emotions and music is strongly linked to
motivation and how the individual communicates with others. Only a
portion of people may play music, but everyone can at least sing or hum a
tune. Music is like breathing it is happiness to the soul .On the other
hand, Music can also be felt as sadness because sad music stimulates
sadness in the individual and some philosophers believe that emotions
are given from human morals of how they feel and their experiences
toward music. While others believe the music itself arouses specific
emotions regardless of experience. Another interesting question that is frequently used is: How does music affect your mood? Researchers
indicate that music stimulates emotions through specific brain
circuits. When a child smiles and begins to dance to the rhythm music
inspires movement this way we can say that the child is happy and
emotions are stimulated to the brain. In addition to that more
Researches shows that even the saddest music can change your mood, while
multiple studies believe that “happy” music can boost motivation,
reduce stress and anxiety .But as well as that another study has also
found that for some people, sad music can cause negative feedback, so it
usually depends on the situation that the individual is going through
and how hard he/she can take the situation. Another common question
that is frequently used: Why do people listen to music? Most
people listen to music to relief stress. Others just listen to music
for fun or depending on what they are doing in general. Students
at Deakin University in Victoria came up with an idea to interview 1000
people at random in the Australian district to see if there was a
connection between what listeners prefer .Either to attend a live
performance /concert or to listen to recorded music .Further studies
show that people who love to dance and are engage in music prefer
attending live performances and these people have a higher level of
being happy than others. Melissa Weinberg co –authored of the study
stated that” I think it’s interesting that, in today’s day and age
everybody’s sort of walking around with headphones in their ears and not
engaging with others,”. “Yet there’s a clear difference between
listening to music in isolation, versus listening to music with others
or engaging with music.” This concept shows that people must feel the
music in order for it to be stimulated to the brain regarding the effect
of ignoring the world by putting headphones on, that shows specific
morals of the individual if he/she is depressed or just doesn’t like
being around people which is linked to how the social psychology of the
individual was built. The experiment shows how listeners are influenced
by music and it is of importance to music therapy. Music therapy and
music psychology generally function as separate functions. . But
on the other hand there are also differences between both, which can
state the concept of music therapy and music psychology working with new
perspectives from both sides .For example Using Music Therapy in Mental
Disorders shows beneficial effects in patients with psychological
problems such as Alzheimer’s disease , abuse problems, brain damages ,
physical disabilities, chronic pain, including pregnant mothers.
However, Patients with severe mental illness have specific problems in
expression themselves and communicating with others and they are showed
rejection in surroundings. Therefore, music therapy patients will be
able to show themselves in a better way.On the other hand,in Music
psychology music can be used as medicine since it helps the immune
system and reduces stress. In addition to that listening to music was
also more beneficial for patience to relief stress other than taking any
kind of prescription drugs before surgery. Moreover, a new
experiment was undergoing in Stockholm the capital of Sweden A German
car company Volkswagen came up with a smart idea and called it “The Fun Theory”.
They had a saying that stated: If stairs played musical notes when you
walked on them, would you be more likely to take them or you just go
with the escalator? This theory proves that people’s behavior can be
changed for the better by making activities fun. In a Sweden subway
station, musical piano steps were set up on the staircase in Stockholm
.That day, 66 percent more people than usual chose the musical stairs
over the escalator. The experiment proved that people went with the
healthy way and people can really change their perspective when
something looks new and fun. Neverthless, Charles Samuel Mayers ,
was among the psychologists who spoke about the term “shell shock”
during the times of world war I. His work was widely spread in the
domains of musicology and later on in the future in Ethunomusicology. “The
ethnological study of music” showed how psychologists view music in
their own perspective. Mayers also stated that “All music serves an
expressive function, he states, and universal elements such as rhythm,
harmony, scale, and tonal center may serve as bases for cross-cultural
comparisons”. Moreover, a Cross-Cultural comparison is the comparison of
psychological or cultural factors that are similar or different in
specific cultures .Like I previously stated Mexico and The United States
of America are two different cultures they differ from on to another. Philosophers,
psychologists, anthropologists, musicologists, and neuroscientists have
discussed the matter of a number of theories concerning the origin and
purpose of music and some have pursued scientific approaches to
investigating them for example, Fitch W. Tecumseh stated that “Just
like language, music occupies a central place in the human behavior”
Fitch also included that music is just like language but without the
proposition by that he means that music can stand by its own and it can
enter the hearts of the individuals by emotions. Daniel J. Levitin is an
American-Canadian cognitive psychologist; he discusses how our brain
reacts to music. While Isabelle Pertez also believed in the relation of
music and language and she was fascinated by the remarkable power of how
humans can recognize sounds. .Last but not least, I would like to show you how famous people from ancient history react
to this issue.. Don Campbell, author of “The Mozart Effect” stated that
” Many studies show that movement helps children develop in language. ”
he also stated that “Movement is an extremely necessary for children
because music stimulates the best kinds of movement,” Shakespeare’s
stated that “if music be the food of love, play on. People turn to
music because sometimes the words speak what’s on their mind. Poets use
music as a sign of love, scientists analyze it and musicians use it as
there most precious tool. According to an article from Rowan
University, Plato stated that” Music was so powerful, it should be
censored”. In addition to that he also said that” Music communicates
emotion, culture, movement and stories”. Aristotle stated that
“music intimidates the world around us”. Music can communicate stories
and it can show meaning. Drums can beat have the beat of our military
messages, marches may motivate people to battle and political songs may
also motivate people to take action. Movie soundtracks bring to us how
the villain should arrive or the death of a hero. Symphonic music
attempts to tell a story through instrumental music alone.