Gender is one of the world issue thatsoften discussed in the study of psychology.
Various research conducted to compare women with men ranging from the level of theego, intellect, emotions, patience, etc. Due to amisunderstanding the meaning and purpose of such research many people who arguethat man is more excellent than women or vice versa, many people who have to forget them goalbecause of gender and we still see a lot acts of violence in the household because one person of a couple who feels more powerful than his partner.In 2015, humandevelopment index value of differentiated based on Indonesia gender obtainedvalue for women Indonesia is 0.
660 while for male 0.712, this shows the levelof development of gender equality in Indonesia is still under the averageequity in East Asia and the Pacific the average value of GDI 0956.The value of the index of Gender inequality in Indonesia 2015 ranks 105 out of159 countries with numbers 0.467. (UNDP, 2016)Based on thebackground of the problems writtenabove, the author makingthis papers with the title”Implementing Pancasila Realize Genderequality to the Harmony ofthe World”. 1.
1.Formulation of the problem1. What is the definition of gender?2. What are the forms of gender inequality problemhappened?3. How does the view of pancasila against gender issues?4. What are the role and efforts of the Government inresponding to the question of gender? 1.2. Purpose ofwriting1.
Know the actual definition of gender2. Find out the gender inequality problem forms thatoccur3. Understand the view of pancasila against gender issues4.
Know the role and efforts of the Government inresponding to the question of genderCHAPTER IIDISCUSSION2.1. Definition ofGenderThe word of Gender isoften confused with the word of sex, eventhough gender and sex are two different things. Sex is taken from birth whobiologically is only attached to one particular gender. While Gender can bedefined as a social cultural concept which refers to the attribution on men andwomen through attributes of masculinityand femininity in the biological, behavioral, and mentality to balance the roleof the community in accordance with the values of an existing system or in thecommunity. Sex Gender The creation of God, brought from birth Was formed by social culture Cannot be changed Can be changed Universally applicable Differ Depending on the cultural traditions of the community Same every time There is difference Biological differences The differences on the role, functions and responsibilities Tabel 1.
Dfferences of Gender and Sex2.2. Forms ofGender Inequality1. StereotypeSetereotipeis the raw image of individuals or groups which are not in accordance with theexisting empirical reality. Negative labelling in General always gave birth toinjustice.
Gender Gender Inequalities Shape Beliefs Women: soft and emotional in nature Should not be managers or lead an institution Its main job: women in the house and if worked just help the husband Paid lower and do not need a high position Male: calm and rational fit to be leader and inappropriate work at home Tabel 2. Example of a Sterotype 2. ViolenceViolencethat is to say acts of violence, both physical and non physical performed byone sex or an institution of the family, society or the state overthe other gender.3. DoubleBurdenDoubleBurden means a load of work that received one gender more than the othergender.
4. ThemarginalizationMarginalizationis a process of demeaning due to thedifference of the sexes resulting in poverty.5. Thesubordination ofSubordinationis an assessment or assuming a role performed by one sex more than the other.
(Putri Susantina, 2014) 2.3. Views ofPancasila against Gender IssuesGenderissues especially that happeningin Indonesia is one of the evidence that lack ofimplementation of Pancasila values within each individual. In the Pancasila, gender equality issue was related to the second sila and five sila.In the second sila that read “kemanusiaan yang adildan beradab” it isalready clear that Indonesia strongly upholds the values of humanity. In thesila to five which reads “keadilan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia”implied meaning that Indonesia holds firm valuejustice for all the people irrespective of the status of property, title,including gender.If thevalues of pancasila is really applied and high esteem by every individual thena variety of irregularities on behalf of gender as an excuse would not belikely to occur.
Because of this the civics and citizenship needs to beimplanted in humans at early stages, ranging in age from children to adults,students as well as students.Theimportance of studying civics and citizenship is to answer the challenges ofthe world by preparing citizens who have the knowledge, understanding,appreciation, commitment, and a pattern of practice of Pancasila, and skills tobe able to become citizens who have the good characters and smart for life of society, nation and State in accordancewith a constitutional democracy. 2.4. Role andefforts of the Government in dealing with the question of Gender1. The national long-term Development Plan (RPJPN) 2005-2025Goals: Increasing the quality of human resources, including the role ofwomen in development. Generally improved quality of human resources inIndonesia is characterized by increased human development index (HDI) andgender development index (GDI), as wellas the achievement of a balanced population grows.
2. The national medium term development plan (RPJMN) 2004– 2009Goals: genderjustice provided invarious legislation, programs development,and public policy; Decrease in the gap between the development achievements ofwomen and men, as measured by GDI and GEM figures; Decrease in acts of violenceagainst women and children; as well as Increasing the welfare and protection ofchildren.3. National strategies through the PUGThe Government of Indonesia’s efforts to avoid the gender inequalities and realizeGender Mainstreaming through s.
KKG (PUG)4. The approach of the Three Ends PlusEnd violence against women and children; End human trafficking; End theeconomic disparities, as well as end the failed women in politics (____, 2017)In additionto the national Government gender issues are also being discussed in theinternational sphere. So that gender equality is included in one formulation ofthe 17 Goals of sustainable development agreed upon and signed in the Summitmeeting at the PBB on 25-27November 2015 by all PBB’s MemberStates including Indonesia.
Therefore the Nations of Indonesia should also bewilling to commit to realize and achieve the goal of sustainable development.5. CHAPTER IIICONCLUSIONGenderdifferent to sex. Sex is taken from birth who biologically is only attached toone particular gender while gender is the attributes (values, attitudes, roles,mentality, emotional characteristics) attached to men and women as the resultsof a social and cultural construction and not permanent. The forms of genderinequality often occur in the life of society, the forms of inequality thatstereotype, among other acts of violence, the double burden, marginalization,and subordination.Genderinequality occurs because of a lack of understanding and practice of thesociety against the values that are contained in the pancasila.
Therefore thecivics and citizenship is very important for every individual studied by earlychildhood to be citizens who have the good charactersthat are both smart and to face the challenges of the future and be the nextgeneration who lead the nation towards the better.Genderinequality in the face of the Government of Indonesia has set up several designstart of the medium-term to long-term.Indonesia has also devised a national strategy through the PUG, and join to committedto realizing the 17 goals of sustainable development as one of the country’s of PBB membership.Genderdifferences should be able to create harmony in social life because of theexistence of differences in attitudes and roles of men and women should be ableto complement each other without prejudice to the rights and not damning one ofthe parties . If the harmony society in Indonesia already constituted, is notan impossible that harmony willalso spread throughout all parts of the world.