Foreign StudiesA study done by Dhar (2012)tried to highlight the sociocultural context from an Indian perspective that womenfrequently portrayed the role of caregiver and ended up taking care of their agingparents because of their cultural values customary in their Hindu religion. Also,the researchers found that being in the Middle generation squeeze has affectedtheir career productivity and opportunities that affected them financially dueto achieving multiple roles causing physical and mental fatigue.
This study supports Steinerand Fletcher’s (2017) findings, examining the complex and dynamic role ofsandwich generation women, as well as their health behavior and emotional well-being. Majority of the women discussed the timeconstraints placed on them due to assisting physical tasks for the carerecipients with daily living activities such as toileting, bathing, andfeeding, especially to those care recipient’s health starts to deteriorate andtheir diminished capabilities to take care of themselves. And sandwichgeneration women provided an emotional support for the care recipient tostimulate positive well-being.According to Li and Carter(2017) the caregiving responsibilities could affect or bring about their familyissues such as disparity of decisions between couples, and among siblings.
Themajority of respondents in their study shows that when providing caregiving totheir elderly parents would result in family issues have lower percentage forthose who have more siblings than to those who had fewer siblings. However, astudy made by Young (2017) that caregiver’s siblings have low level of support inproviding caregiving roles to the care recipients, and the communicationpatterns with their siblings were strained. Kneževi?, Gregov, and Šimuni? (2016)emphasized family roles among employed men and women. It shows that women aremore invested in participating in family roles than men because women areexpected to offer care, and invest more time and energy.Young (2017) indicated thatmajority of the respondents were considering the option of putting their agingparents to a nursing homes who has poor health, and for those adult-childrenwho were not ready to engage in providing a caregiving responsibilities, forthey think that it takes up an excessive time and financial necessities.Sandwich generation womenexperienced role transition in their caregiving roles that resulted to tworoles overlapping with one another that the caregiving responsibilities areplacing more demands that causing the relationship between them to change frombeing a daughter to a caregiver (Steiner & Fletcher, 2017). The intensityof the duty of being the caregiver, as well as a mother, was becoming a burdento their obligations of being a daughter, parent, and spouse.Gillett and Crisp (2017)investigated the subjective well-being of the sandwich generation in Australia forit brought attention to them.
Researchers found that the use ofEmotional-focused coping – uses cognitive efforts to control the emotions inorder to ease emotional distressed by venting and use of humor- would supportpositive well-being of sandwich generation and linked with higher Positiveaffect – this when a person is in a state of pleasure and experiencingenthusiasm and excitement. Whereas, using of Avoidance-focused coping – use ofdistraction to avoid the stressor – was linked with higher Negative affect,which is a negative emotion and moods such as angry, upset, distressed, andanxious was found.Women are frequentlybalancing the roles of being a mother, daughter, and worker and has not beenextremely examined by researchers (Evans, Millsteed, Richmond, Falkmer,Falkmer, & Girdler, 2016). Women utilize a strategies in achieving within andbetween-role balance to harmonize their motivational factors for them to affectivelyorganize habits and routine they use and to prioritize what is important. Thesestrategies were: “living with integrity, being the best you can, doing what youlove, loving what you do, remembering why and searching for signs of success”(Evans, Millsteed, Richmond, Falkmer, Falkmer, & Girdler, 2016).
It is alsoenumerated the between-role balance strategies, for the sandwich generationwomen to maximize role enrichment and minimize the role conflict. Thesestrategies include “maintaining health and wellbeing, repressing perfectionism,managing time and energy, releasing responsibility, nurturing social connectionand reciprocating” (Evans, Millsteed, Richmond, Falkmer, Falkmer, , 2016). Dhar, R.L. (2012).Caregiving for elderly parents: A study from indian perspective. Home HealthCare Management & Practice, 24(5), 242-254.
DOI: 10.1177/1084822312439466Evans, K.L.,Millsteed J, Richmond, J.
E., Falkmer, M., Falkmer, T., & Girdler, S.J.(2016).
Working sandwich generationwomen utilize strategies within and between roles to achieve role balance. PlosOne 11(6), 1-23. DOI:10.1371/journal. pone.
0157469 Gillett, J.E. & Crisp,D.A. (2017). Examining coping style and the relationship between stress and subjective well-being inaustralia’s sandwich generation. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 1-6. DOI:10.
1111/ajag12439Kneževi?,I., Gregov, L., & Šimuni?, A. (2017).
Salience and conflict of work andfamily roles among employed men andwomen. Arh Hig RadaToksikol, 67, 152-163. DOI: 10.1515/aiht-2016-67-2724 Li, Y.
S. & Carter, A.(2017). Demographic factors of adult-children on their caregiving values and option as home caregivers totheir elderly parents.
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(2017). Sandwich generation caregiving: A complex and dynamicrole. J Adult Dev, DOI: 10.
1007/s10804-016-9252-7Young, S.M. (2017).Investigation of sandwich generation caregiving perceptions and factors of caregiving strain. Masters Theses, 1-62. Retrieved from http://thekeep.eiu.edu/theses/2711