ForeignDomestic Investment (FDI)FDI is investments done by foreign companies orcorporations in commercial venture another country.
This can be doneby buying a company in the targeted country of just by expanding the company inthe targeted country. It is kind of n on debt financial resource which acountry can get through foreign investors. Foreign countries do invest in oureconomy because of some benefits they get, examples could be lower wage rate,tax exemptions, India being rich in mineral resources etc. these investmentsnot only raise the GDP of our country but at same time creates employementoppourtuinties. Increased FDI has provided India with advanced technology.After the economic liberalisation in 1991 since thenFDI has steadily increased in India.
It were Manmohan Singh and P. V. NarasimhaRao who brought FDI in India.
FDI policy permits FDI to 100% in many sectors withoutany prior approval from government known as automatic route. FDI policies inIndia are formulated upon few parameters listed below:*Increased capital flow*Improved technology*Management expertise*Access to global marketsInvestmentsand developments in recent years:* In 2017,few Japanese companies including , Toyoda Gosei, Topre and Murakami,signed (MoUs) with an intention toinvest in the state of Gujarat.* Singapore’s Temasek will acquire a 16 per centshare which worth around 1,000 crores(US$ 156.16 million) in Bengaluru based private healthcare network .
* Energy firm named Engie SA in france andDubai-based private equity firm have entered into a partnership with India forsetting up a wind power platform. * The government has approved FDI proposals from Oppo Mobiles , LouisVuitton Malletier, Chumbak Design, Daniel Wellington AB and Actoserba ActiveWholesale Pvt Ltd to do business in India.*Walmart would set up stores in India in recentyears.*US-based ecommerce giant, Amazon, has invested itsIndian arm so far in 2017, taking its total investment in its business in Indiato US$ 2.7 billion.* International Finance Corporation (IFC), theinvestment arm of the World Bank Group, is planning to invest about US$ 6 billionin several sustainable and renewable energy programmes. TheGovernment’s Make in India campaign has attracted many investors across theworld to make investments in our commercial ventures. Investment across sectorsfrom various Chinese companies are Rs 9,933.
87 crore (US$ 1.54 billion) between2014 and December 2016. India has become the most attractive emerging market tomake investments for the coming 12months, as per a recent market attractiveness survey conducted by (EMPEA).TheWorld Bank has concluded that privateinvestments in India is expected to grow by 8.8 per cent in FY 2018-2019and thereby drive the growth in India’sGDP .Majorsectors for FDI*Infrastructure- $40 billion has invested byprivate sector of foreign countries. 100% FDI under automatic route ispermitted in construction sector for cities and townships.
*Automotive- FDI in this sector was increasedby 89% between April 2014 to February 2015, highest growth in recent decades.*Manufacturing- Electronics contributes toIndia’s success in manufacturing .*Service-FDI increased by 46% in 2014–15. *Railways- High speed train, railwayelectrification, passenger terminal, mass rapid transport systems etc. weremade possible through FDI.
The sectors on which foreign investments are beingmade are IT, infrastructure, transportation, power, real estates, automobileindustry etc. top investing countries are Mauritius, USA, UK, Germany, France,Japan etc. Total FDI investments in India during April-September 2017 stood atUS$ 33.75 billion.
India has become fastest growing investment region for foreigninvestors.