For the years leading up to the secession of the South, the Northern and Southern United States faced several contrasting movements which forced their opposing relations to divide the nation in two. The impact of the 1859 raid created tremendous response throughout the Northern states. Since the North had free states and the Southern states were not free,there was a barrier created between the United States during the years leading up to South succeeding. The barrier was not only the between the idea of slavery but it was the political and economic difference within the country.
An idea often perceived by many historians, John Brown’s deed in Harper’s Ferry, revealed how deeply slavery split the nation. The raid was entitled as the “bloody outbreak” and caused mass controversy between the North and the South. The idea of sectionalism is a notable consequence of the raid as the intensifying growth in this divide forced distancing tensions between the North and the South. The particular sectional interests of the Northern abolitionist were socially to abolish the slave systems in the South, whereas the Southern economy relied so heavily on their slaves,which lead to different economical views between the two groups. The raid further increased the divide within these parts of the states because the violent aggression of the abolition parties, the nationalist outlooks forced for the tension to build even higher.
American nationalism, also the coming of age of the Southern nationalism, was based on the defence of the Northern attack. The South needed to maintain their nationalistic standing in the union and the only way to defend their position would be to separate from the source of their problem. John Brown left a deep mark on the South as well as the North, as the large fear of the uprising of slaves was exacerbated by his attempts at Harper’s Ferry.
Many Southerners were already pushing the idea of seceding early before the October raid in 1859, but the raid served the United States a great example of abuse in which the South endured. This abuse of power provided a good excuse as to why the South would want to disunion from the nation. It is often said that although Northerners despised the idea of abolitionism, the South’s growing fear of antislavery feeling had grew tremendously after the raid of Harpers Ferry. In response to this idea, Brown forced the South to retreat from any further relations with their northern counterparts. He gave the Southern secessionists a warning and argument regarding the raid. He stated in the argument of the South that this conversation could be used as a way to hasten secession; in other terms the raid symbolized the ruthlessness of the Northern abolitionism. And in attacking the institutions of the South; the South would later enlarge their significance of the raid by punishing its participants harshly and quickly.
Moreover the South saw this raid as a way to escape the abolition of their slaves systems.This rebellious and dangerous take over of the arsenal was a way to finally disassociate themselves from the North. Since they always faced their differences politically, economically and socially it was time to finally break the barriers that the two states had with one another.