Features of Realist Approach:
It is a programmatic approach to world politics. This orientation argues
that countries should practise politics on the basis of power, rather than
Balance of power: It is situation where
state strive to achieve equilibrium of power in the world in order to prevent
any other country or coalition of countries from dominating the system.
Structural Anarchy: In international relations, the assumption
that no higher authority exists above the nation-state.
Structural Realism: Also called neorealism.
“New” realism approach that views international relations from a systemic
approach where states are constrained by the international structure.
Security Dilemma: When one state achieves
some degree of security, it only comes at the expense of another’s.
Feature of liberal Approach:
Liberals do not believe that acquiring,
preserving and applying power is the core of international relations. They
concentrate that foreign policy should be formulated according to more
collaborative and ethical standards.
Liberal suggest that ethical policy may in fact
be in the national interest of states, rather than diametrically opposed to it.
Liberal approach believes that the word must
seek a new system of order.
Liberals are prone to believe that humans and
countries are capable of achieving more co-operative, less conflicting relations.
Liberal Approach is more co-operative as compared to Realist
approach. They work together and in fovour of whole nation rather than working
alone for state.
Addressing challenges created by climate change
Environmental change is the best ecological danger humankind
has ever confronted and the greatest test. It is caused by the development of
ozone harming substances from consuming non-renewable energy sources and the
obliteration of regions that store monstrous measures of carbon like the
Nobody knows how much warming is “sheltered”
however we realize that environmental change is now hurting individuals and
biological communities around the world.
We’re crusading for atmosphere arrangements that still
enable individuals to succeed without harming the planet including expanding
vitality proficiency, clean vitality and ensuring the world’s rainforests.
There are several climate changes faced by all over the world
and those are mentioned below:
Global temperature rise: The planet’s average
surface temperature has been rising every year.
Shrinking ice sheets
Decreased Snow Cover
Sea level rise
Declining Arctic sea ice
International Agreements on climate action:
Government leaders, environmental activists,
scientists and others gathered to resolve the environmental crisis. They come
to a conclusion that “No nation, not even one as powerful as ours, can solve
this challenge alone and no country, no matter how small, can sit on the
sidelines. All of the countries have to solve it together.” So following are
the conclusion they came up:
Developing countries have long argued that countries
that grew rich by using coal, oil and other fossil fuels should shoulder the
burden of moving the world’s economies to cleaner energy sources and help poor
nations cope with the effects of climate change.
The United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the primary worldwide concession to atmosphere
activity. It was one of three traditions received at the Rio Earth Summit in
1992. To date, it has been confirmed by 195 nations. It began as a path for
nations to cooperate to restrain worldwide temperature increments and
environmental change, and to adapt to their effects.
The Council handles two issues identified with the UNFCCC:
Approval of the Doha correction to the Kyoto
Protocol, which concerns responsibilities under the second time frame, running
Paris Agreement – new worldwide environmental
change understanding covering all UNFCCC nations, its confirmation, usage and
go into drive in 2020
In the nutshell, Liberalism helps in a better way to
understand the selection. As Climate change effecting the whole world not only
one nation or state. The causes behind climate change is not caused by only one
nation, the whole world is responsible for this. To deal with this issue liberalism
plays a vital role as all the nations have to come together to find a solution
for these issues and made an agreement in favor of everyone. Formulate the
policy collaboratively and ethically. One the basis of the following reasons we
concluded that Liberalism will be a better selection:
intervention and regulation: While recognizing the need to avoid creating an
over-bureaucratic and over-centralized state, liberals have been and should continue
to prepare to make use of direct government intervention. This make take in
many forms. A good example is energy efficiency.
Growth: It focus on “foster economic growth and development, whilst ensuring
that natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services
on which our well-being relies.” Green growth brings together two vital strands
of liberal thinking, aiming to achieve both environmental sustainability and
enhanced material prosperity.