Educationis the learning of different customs, traditions and languages in which knowledgeand skill transferred from one generation to another through teaching, trainingand research. It helps in the developing the personality of an individual sothat he/she cannot only improve his life but also the life of others. Italso help them to get good job so they can complete in marketplace. To showthe importance of education Quaid-e-Azam said, “Without education it is complete darkness and witheducation it is light. Education is a matter of life and death to our nation.
The world is moving so fast that if you do not educate yourselves you will benot only completely left behind, but will be finished up…” (26 September, 1947,Karachi)Our educationsystem should be so strong that our children would be able to handle thethreats of security and exposure that this new era of technology is posing, andeducational system should increase their focus on teaching students lessons oflove, peace and family.As the timepasses, education is changing. If welook into history, we can see how not only education but also the way ofteaching is also improving day by day. First, the teaching method was informal,memorization and recitation but now it has advance to online courses,researches and internships. Each level of education has its own requirements. Pre-primary,primary, elementary, secondary, higher secondary and university have its owncultural, economic, political, religious and social issues. Not only has thisbut they all had different Philosophy in them.
Pre-Primary School:In thepre- primary schools, the philosophy that should be use is Perennialism, it helps to develops the ethical behavior and cilivalizationin the students. It teaches the moral and religious principals through thesubjects of language, mathematics, history, sciences, literature and religiouspractices. The teachers should be supportive and friendly.
The classroom shouldbe colorful, carpeted, and should have space to activities. Therooms should be air-conditioned; chairs and tables should be colorful. Not only should this but there be multimedia on whichthey can learn about the history, they should be teaching about some important personalitylike Quid-e-Azam. Not only this but also about our culture, what is ournational anthem, dress, language,festivals etc. teachers should also teach about the religious festivals like Eid-ul-Fitar,Eid-ul-Azha, and Eid -un- Nabi plus they school should celebrate Eid by havingEid party. School should be teaching about peace, this concept would not only helpstudents but also the nation in the future. The exams will be on memorization.Primary and Elementary Schools:Both the schools need twoof the philosophies that are Idealism andRealism.
Idealism is the study that makes the students question the wrongthings. It makes them think out of the box, and ask questions. In idealism, thesubjects are mathematics, history, sciences, and philosophy. However, realismis all about the sensory learning of students. Students will get know how touse five senses to accomplish their goals.
Teachers should teach about the religiousand culture. Students will get to know how to socialize with each other. This canbe done by have group activity, competition. There should be uniform in thislevel of education and rules should be there.
As this stage, students aregrowing and needs to be in control. Exams and quizzes conducted to examine theprogress of students. Secondary School:In secondary school, thephilosophy that can be use is Realism.It teaches how to use senses in work and how to achieve goals in through it. Subjectsthat are included are sciences, sociology, economics, history, etc. teachers shouldnot only give lectures but also should use discussion, demonstration and labs whileteaching to students. Due to this, students become attentive and when a person isattentive then the work done perfectly.
The uniform should also be the part ofthis school as it shows the unity. Social, cultural, religious expects are thesame as the primary schools. Exams and quizzes conducted to examine theprogress of students.Higher Secondary School: Pragmaticism is the philosophy that used inthe higher secondary schools. This philosophy will prepare the students, how tointeract outside their safe zone and how can they become good member of the society.Not only will this but also learn how to solve problems.
The teachers will usepractical and demonstration methods of teaching like projects, case studies andmodels. Exams conducted on practical assessments and labs needed for practical demonstration.Teamwork needed in the classes. Rest would be same as secondary school i.e.social, religious, cultural influences on the students.Universities (Undergraduate & Postgraduate)Critical Theory is the best philosophy thatshould be use in universities. It makes students to question the authority, andgiving freedom of choice.
This will help a lot in the marketplace; students canidentify wrong and right and can choose their choice of job or subject in theuniversity. Through this philosophy, students will have sense of responsibilityof their lives on their own shoulders. They will have freedom of dress, andsubjects. Teachers will teach through questioning, demonstration and frompractical work in their respected fields. Even with these freedoms but thereshould be rules and regulations to keep them on track. The religious, social,and culture aspects can influence these rules.
Few things that should be in mind whenopening any educational institutes that is teachers. Teachers should be expertin what they are teaching, and the system should keep motivating them so they willnot lose interest, like increase in their income or give some incentives. Theother important thing is the building. Building should only be use foreducational purpose. Institutes should not be near any commercial or industrialplace, it should be a quiet place and easy accessible to everyone.
In the building,there should be a nurse room, praying area, and gymnasium. Properly ventilatedand painted classes for every stage of education. There should be more than oneemergency exist in the building, and a full outdoor court for sports. Every buildingshould have working firefighting equipment.