Disadvantage: Because sex hasalready occurred, this form of birth control does not protect against any typeof STI. Side effects of Plan Binclude: Headache Abdominal pain Nausea and vomiting Abnormal bleedingEffectiveness: If taken withinthe first 72 hours after intercourse, it can be up to 85% effective atpreventing pregnancy. Contraindication: No significantcontraindication aside from noted side effects above. This form of birth control should only beused in emergency situation and not as a form of ongoing birth control (Prior,2017). a) Contraceptive PatchAdvantage: Easy to use as it is apatch easily applied to certain areas of the body. Reversible form ofcontraception.Disadvantage: side effects caninclude: spotting, breast tenderness, headache, nausea, skin irritation at sitewhere patch is applied (Prior, 2017).
Effectiveness: the patch has a 9% failure rate when used correctly and therefore is 91% effective (Center forDisease and Control, 2017).Contraindication: Those at high riskfor the development of blood clots should not use. As with any other hormonal birth control thepatch will increase one’s risk of developing clots. (Prior, 2017) b) NuvaringAdvantage: Completely controlled bywomen. One insertion provides pregnancy preventionprotection for 3 weeks.
Reversibleform of contraception.Disadvantage: can cause vaginalirritation in addition to headaches. Ifring comes out for more than 3 hours another form of birth control must be useduntil the ring has been back in for a minimum of 7 days (Prior, 2017). Effectiveness: the ring has a 9% failure rate when used correctly and therefore has a 91% effective rate (Centerfor Disease and Control, 2017).Contraindication: Because this form of birth control is also hormonal,contraindications are the same as the progestin/estrogen form of oralcontraceptive (Prior, 2017). c) Depo-Provera Advantage: One injection providespregnancy prevention protection for 3 months.
Reversible form of contraception. Disadvantage: menstrual cyclecan vary from irregular to amenorrhea. Itcan also cause a loss in bone density. Additional side effects as similar tohormonal contraceptive includes: headaches, fatigue, bloating, breast discomfort,decrease sex drive, and weight gain. Cantake up to 4-18 months for fertility to return after stopping. Does not protect against SDIs.
Is not immediately effective right afterward(Prior, 2017). Effectiveness: there is a 6%failure rate and therefore 94% effective (Center for Disease and Control,2017).Contraindication: Should not be usedin women with breast cancer (Prior, 2017). d) Nexplanon Advantage: Highly effective andprovides birth control up to 3 years. Once removed, this form of birth control will not affect one’s abilityto have children in the future.
Disadvantage: Rod must be placed atthe doctor’s office. Side effects ofthis form of birth control includes irregular menstrual cycle and bleeding(Prior, 2017). Effectiveness: This method has a0.05% failure rate and therefore over 99% effective (Center for Disease andControl, 2017)Contraindication: not recommendedfor women with a liver disease, unknown vaginal bleeding, those with a historyof blood clots, women who may be pregnant, those with breast cancer, or with acardiac disorder (Brady & Chelmow, 2016). e) IUDs:- Skyla – Liletta – Mirena – Kyleena – Paragard (Copper T) Advantage: Highly effective form ofbirth control. Once in place there islittle that needs to be done management wise (Center for Disease and Control,2017). More effective form of birth control than the patch, pill, or ring inadolescent. Can be used in breastfeedingwomen (Hardeman & Weiss, 2014).
Disadvantage: Side effects includes:headaches, breast pain, depression, decrease sex drive, depression, absent ofmenstrual cycle, and development of ovarian cyst. (Hardeman et al., 2014). Effectiveness: IUDs has an over 99%effective (Center for Disease and Control, 2017) Contraindication: IUDs are notrecommended to be used in women withthe following history or diagnose: cancer, lupus, HIV, or with an organtransplant. (Hardeman et al, 2014). Most IUD function in thesame manner and only vary based on the dosage of hormone delivered in a 24hrtime frame (Hardeman et al, 2014).
One significant difference is with the cooperIUD (paragard) which has no hormone. The cooper on the cooper IUD works byproducing an unhealthy environment for the egg and sperm thus preventingpregnancy (Mayo Clinic, 2018). f) EssureAdvantage: Highly effective form of contraceptive and requires nomanagement after the insertion (Office of Women’s Health, 2017). Disadvantage: pelvic pain, device perforation and movement out of place, andvaginal bleeding. This is not areversible form of birth control (U.
S. Food & DrugAdministration, 2017)Effectiveness: Over 99% effective (Office of Women’s Health, 2017).Contraindication: because this is a permanent form of birth control, it is notintended for those who may still want children. g) Tubal LigationAdvantage: Highly effective and maybe reversible (Prior, 2017). Disadvantage: Does not protectagainst STDs (Prior, 2017). Is a type of surgery and therefore comes with therisk of having surgery such as pain and bleeding post op (Office of Women’sHealth, 2017).
Effectiveness: There is a 0.5 %failure rate for this method and therefore over 99% effective (Center forDisease and Control, 2017).Contraindication: because this is apretty permanent form of birth control, it is not intended for those who maystill want children.