DESTINEE ADAMSCOLUMBIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITYPS2000- UNIT VIII CASE STUDY The United States willalways continue to offer a more stable and much more predictable environmentfor different business investments. We have been consistently ranking amongstother surrounding countries with fewer political and security risks but not onlytheir business, but affecting their workers as well. Different scenarios suchan armed conflict, different capital controls and measures, civil disturbances;all these form under the umbrella of the political and security risks. Greatlyenough, different organizations and insurers mainly provide tools to helpcapture the risks amongst the different countries. Another factor to consideris the disaster preparedness.
The costs and ability to host the economy, mustfirst be assessed and effectively responds to flood, earthquakes, or any other naturaldisaster. Mexico was originally thesite of different type of Amerindian civilizations. These civilizations includedthe Mayas and Aztecs. The country was later invaded in 1519 by Spain. Thisinvasion led to a very prolonged colonial period that ended up lasting untilthe 19th century. This is also during the time that the countrygained its independence. The U.S.
and Mexico conflict starts when the UnitedStates annexed the state of Texas, in which the Mexican government repeatedly refusedto acknowledge the secession of Texas which ultimately was the precursor the annexation.The Mexican-American war began in 1846 and lasted for atotal of 2 years. The settlement came when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo cameinto effect and led Mexico to giving up more of their land to the U.S. Duringthe Gadsden Purchase, Mexico then gave up other territories to the U.S.
whichincluded southern Arizona and New Mexico. Another issue with Mexico and the UnitedStates is after the terrorist attack of September 11th. This madeAmerican very fearful and that the immigration from Mexico would greatlyincrease. Because of the fear of terrorist having easier accessed throughMexico, coming into the U.S., this lead to even more tightening of immigration lawsas it pertains to Mexico.
Restrictions tightened and formed a new U.S. Senatebill that was severely criticized and under scrutiny in Mexico because of thebill supporting the construction of the Mexican-American border.
NAFTA(North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) led to the eliminations of tariffsand others trading barrier between Mexico and the United States. The agreementbetween both countries made an ultimate platform to gain cooperation betweenboth the U.S and Mexico.
NAFTA was centralized under much scrutiny from boththe Mexican and U.S farmers. They believed that it hurts the interest of allcentralized small, local farmers in both countries.Bothpolitical and security risks, reference back to political and criminal forces.The forces and events can ultimately interfere with normal business operations.
A few examples of these security and political measures would be breaches ofcontacts made by the government, capital controls, civil, war and terrorismdisturbances. These risks are hard to enumerate and result in dualisticoutcomes with many unpredictable probabilities. In most cases, theprobabilities are usually low and note that these things do not happen everyday. At the times that this does happen, the government is able to maintain programsthat provides assistance to the U.S’ firms for facing more business problems inthe future.
Companies are constantly seeking to operate or source from abroad,should generally take into account that first, the fact remains that politicaland security risks do exist. Secondly, the likelihood that those events willever occur, will dedicate those resources to better prepare for differentcontingencies. Doing business abroad may potentially introduce risks thatare due to political instability, expropriation and/or security operations.Companies should thoroughly review and consider these risks and any availableavenues for justifying them.Foreign policy explained if the jest of external relationsthat are often operated by an independent actor, which is usually more or less,the state.
Foreign policies includes military actions to include humanitarianand trade interactions. When analyzing the role of the head of the government,one must first understand what it is exactly that is motivating him. You mustknow what’s motivating and pushing the head of government towards this decisionand what are the possible outcomes. The influencing factors can also vary,depending on the type of political system the head of government is referringto. When referring back to the U.S. foreign and internationalpolicy, you must keep in mind that the U.
S. is a country that is mentioned anyand everywhere across the world. The U.
S. holds great authority when it comesto the economic, political and military influences around the world. Thegovernment is generally regulated by an elite system of checks and balanceswhich is defined in depth by the U.S.
Constitution. The head of governmentcannot make foreign policy decisions without at least two third support comingfrom the U.S. Senate. The president is generally allowed to enter into treatieswith foreign states through executive agreement without the senate’s approval.Such agreements are hardly ever long standing. U.
S Congress has the power toconduct commercial activities with other states. They also have the power tomake the decision to go to war. The influences of foreign policies come fromthe economic implications as well as the U.S. President’s standing in lieu ofthe policies that were taken by him. During war, it can generally be even moresensitive than before War requires various resources such as military troops,equipment and money. These type of resources would typically come from muchneeded public support. Congress always has the power of public spending and ifthe mass majority of the votes are against war, it will then be defunded.
Itcan also be called off or changed if Congress does not receive any militarysupport as well. It is however, up to the President of the United States toconvince U.S Congress to validate their decisions which also and thesedecisions must also include incorporate domestic political agendas. Non stateactors can generally influence the head of government in his foreign policydecisions as well.
As it relates to the security of the U.S. andpolitical powers, I would suggest coming up with policies for internationalrelations that would go in great depth on the security as it relates.
As far asother interactions, it’s also good to have some sort of agreement is in placeand signed by all parties whether that includes the government as a whole, orindividual person such as the U.S. President, representing the U.S government. References COMMERCE, U. S.
(2017). Political & Security Risks. Retrieved from UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE: https://acetool.
commerce.gov/political-security-risks HUSSAIN, Z. Z. (2011, february 11). The effect of domestic politics on foreign policy decision making. Retrieved from e-international relations: http://www.e-ir.info/2011/02/07/the-effect-of-domestic-politics-on-foreign-policy-decision-making/ Porter, K.
(2017, May 28). The Relationship of the United States with Mexico. Retrieved from thoughtco: https://www.thoughtco.com/the-relationship-of-the-united-states-with-mexico-3310255