Democracy, by requiring thatgovernments be elected, permits a level of delegation to weaker sections ofsociety to give the impression that the citizen can shape the internalfunctioning of the state in addition to using the state authority to distorthow markets of particular goods and services or function.
The very nature of ademocracy means that each decision-makers choice is immaterial. It is a recipefor collective irresponsibility (Caselli, 2010), which is why the citizen will never be givenenough power to ultimately decide public policy. Democratic policymakers mustappear to understand and considering the concerns of the population that arepresent regardless of the individual qualities who have different and oftencontradictory interest. Politicians do pay attention to the citizen’s opinion ina general sense while devising public policies, even though they do not alwaysrespond or accommodate to it.
Political scientists such as E.E.Schattschneider, Bernard Berelson and others have repeatedly found little or nodirect linkage between public opinion and policy outcomes, supporting thestance that the citizen does not ultimately decide public policy.Democracy is about majority rule,this means while a minority have a say they are not necessarily heard or seen. Therefore,it is not possible for a citizen to decide public policy if the vast minorityare being excluded in the decision-making process. Democracy gives the majoritythe capacity to erode individual rights. Democracy complicates policy-makingbecause policymakers can no longer focus on working in favour of stateinterests and interest of their business allies.
In reality the citizen plays asmall role in public policy process. In most democratic states, policydecisions are taken by representative institutions that empower specialised actorsto determine the scope and content public policies, but these institutions donot, as a matter of course, provide mechanisms through which the citizen canultimately determine policy (Howlett et al., 2009). Democracyhas a fundamental flaw: its success depends on informed voters choosingenlightened leaders. (Diplomat, 2017). In the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, whichNorth Korea likes to be referred to, the citizens have what looks like afreedom of decision-making powers which is merely an illusion.
In truth if acitizen or a group of citizens did this, the reality is they would either beseverely punished or executed. To avoid such punishments the citizens, go alongwith what the expectation set of them is giving the appearance that they areliving in the type of society that they have chosen and worked to implement outof free will and have trust in those leading them. This is a key example ofwhere it may appear that the citizen ultimate size public policy in a democracybut in reality, it cannot be further from the truth. Democracy offers a politicalmechanism that can moderate the economic effects of capitalism.
Theinterdependence between capitalism and democracy is realised through specificpolicy options and their outcomes, therefore in any democracy the citizen willnever have ultimate decision-making powers in public policy.