Democracy is the most used type of Government since itallows for the equal participation of the population. The people of a democraticcountry have the choice to choose the laws that their society is based upon by eitherby direct representation or with the use of elected representatives. Thomas Hobbesargues about the requirements needed for the development of a true democracy. Thefirst requirement that Hobbes mentions is that the people living inside ademocratic society must agree that they will indeed accept the will of themajority. ‘For in that they willingly met, they are supposed obliged to theobservation of what shall be determined by the major part’ The English Worksvolume 3.
The second requirement arguedby Hobbes is that there should be regular meetings. Hobbes insists that if thereare no regular meetings set up so that the people meet and discuss the laws anddevelopment of their society the democracy will become and anarchy. Hobbes himselfstates that the agreement on regular meetings is a probable weakness ofdemocracy. He continues to say that the amount of people that attend thesemeetings is not of major importance but it is important that these meeting arefrequent so that any bad and anarchic developments are not given the chance todevelop due to the gaps between these meetings. These meetings are given a lot ofimportance by Hobbes since a democracy can only act upon its power once thepeople are amassed together, and therefore when the people fail to meet up thereis a halt in the governance of the country.
Hobbes believes that in the timebetween the meetings a person should be given supreme authority over the people.Although he describes this as a possible solution he also understands that thishas it own array of issues. It is these complications that makes Hobbes favour Monarchyover other forms of government since there is no time gap between the Sovereigntyand the exercise of monarchical power. Hobbes’s 3 causes of conflict are competition,diffidence and glory and he states that democracy heavily supports two of thesecauses, he says that competition and glory are encouraged in a democracy. He doesnot attribute diffidence as an issue since he believes that diffidence is notthat big of an issue in democratic rule.
Hobbes states that every man enters ademocracy with the ultimate goal to persuade the majority of the citizens toagree with his views for his own personal benefit. This belief comes from the waythat Hobbes philosophy in which it is clear that Hobbes believes that everyone givesthe most importance to their own life and each person will have their own ideasand agenda. With this he continues to elaborate on the fact that democracy doesnot allow for everyone’s opinion and ideas to be heard. This lack of equal representationthis then leads to the increases the chance of dispute and conflict andeventually it could become a reason of war.