Dating back to the industrial revolution, people havesought themselves to bigger cities, in hope to live and create a better life. Aspopulations increase in bigger cities as well as in suburbs, urbanizationnaturally correlates with advancement of civilization as well as technology. As there are many advantages with urbanization, as itmay increase the quality of life, political, cultural and local economies, thisis not always the result. As with most things in life, planning is a crucialpart. If urban planning is not put to action in a strategic way, unforeseenconsequences may alter living conditions, affecting them to the worse. Nevertheless,if urban planning is implemented strategically, benefits are plenty.
On the bright side, urbanization provides a morediverse economy as well as advancing business sectors. More jobs are createdand modern institutions recognize the importance of good and service that areprovided in rural areas, and create business opportunities that empower growthin the rural areas. An example would be farmers from rural areas that can cometo the urban areas to sell their goods. Another benefit with urbanization is that it mayincrease tourism which in turn provides foreign currency inflows to the citiesor countries. Along with urbanization, cities need to improve transportationsystems and infrastructure, something that attracts more tourism.
A great downside of urbanization would be the decreaseof rural population. Again, I will use the example of agriculture – a decreasein rural areas will result in a shortage of farmers and workers who can produceagriculture. This may result in solid waste production since the demand of agriculturalproducts will increase in the cities.
Another downside that might come along with urbanizationis overpopulation. As immigrants and civilians flow into the cities, pressureis put on housing, water facilities as well and sanitation. Overall, urbanization is great as long as it can be strategicallyplanned and prepared for different consequences that may occur in the society.