“Correction” is to rectify errors in the student’s response

“Correction” is to rectify
errors in the student’s response or work by means of discussion, demonstration
or simply oral explanation. 

a.       Self-Correction

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b.      Group correction

c.       Student to student correction

d.      Teacher to Student correction          

Self-correction:

Self-correction is where the students do the correcting by
themselves. Students on realizing their mistakes, review, re-check and rectify
their errors. This is called Self correction.

 

Group Correction:

Group corrections is where the students form into small
groups,  and correction is made by peers
in the group. They support each other by correcting one another whether it may
be assignments, role plays, presentations or debates for a better performance.

 

Student to Student
correction:

Student to
Student correction is done in pairs, where a student works with his partner to
correct his mistakes. During conversational activities the student can listen, recognize
and spot any mistakes that his peer makes.

 

Teacher to Student Correction:

Teacher-to-student
correction is where the teacher corrects the students only after an activity is
done. The teacher checks and gives out remarks as to how the student has
fared. 

There is no conclusion to whether
or not a particular method of correction is the right or not, since any
correction made, should implement a positive understanding of the pupil. However
the best way what I feel I would use is Self-Correction method
because of the following reasons:

-Self-correction builds
attentiveness of the language in the student and brings out a self-confident
speaker. Students who self-correct are quick to recognize their mistakes and
make the required corrections in their vocabulary.

 -Students easily accept their mistake. They
become less reliant on the teacher and in time become more confident to use it
outside the classroom.

-Self-correction can sometimes be
prompted by the teacher itself.  A
hinting like for e.g.: the teacher raising an eyebrow or asking –’can you say
again please?’ This swiftly signals an error to which the student promptly
corrects his sentence.

However, there are a few negatives
– such as students may not identify the mistake. Or he may try to correct a
phrase which does not require any correction.

Regardless of the negatives,
self-correction is more appreciated specially in the language class. It increases
alertness of the language, and directs the students to be active and take on a responsible
role. Therefore keeping this in mind I would ideally opt for the method of
Self-correction.