Children coding and decoding messages through the use of

Children create a connection between themselves and the story. Williamson (1978) opined that sign has ability of transferring meaning. A gap remains there to be filled by the children.

At this point the reader or listener formulates an image or meaning in his mind about the story. There is a lot of work done on Semiotics. This section formulates previous studies on or around given topic of research and incorporates those studies. For the first time the term “Semiotic” was used by the English philosopher John Locke in 17th century. Later it was used by Saussure and Pierce. Angie Lovelace (2010), did a research of Semiotic analysis of “Iconic photos of Vietnam era” as a mean of understanding. This research followed the model of Mendelson and Smith (2006). Results of this research indicated the common threads of emotional outrage, the portrayal of innocence and the sense of powerlessness existed among the iconic photos.

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           Osisanwo (2009) worked on “A Pragma-Semiotic Analysis of Aroko: The Yoruba Means of Symbolic Communication”. The study sees Aroko- (a Yoruba traditional way of coding and decoding messages through the use of objects) as one of the varieties and variations in communication. Sotusa (2009) worked on “Literary – Semiotic Analysis of Drum Poetry”; metaphors, imageries, signs / code were displayed in the use of drum in the study. Hou (2013) worked on the semiotics of Internet celebrity Gangnam style case. The study investigated the internet celebrity in the content of multimodal media representation and super diverse semiotic repertories. It identifies lyrics, beats, dance-gestures, characters, objects and places as the major semiotic modes of expression in the video. Another research was done by Burçin Turkcana on “Semiotic Approach to the Analysis of Children’s Drawings”. It was an art based research and the model of (Huss & Cwikel, 2005) was used.

In this research the children were given a concept of “Key” and were asked to draw something while keeping in mind the concept. In this design, students’ perceptions and viewpoints regarding various situations were determined based on their own impressions via their depictions reflected upon their art products and also clinical interviews were conducted. Moreover, Otemuyiwa Abosede Adebola (2017) conducted a research on “Semiotics in the WhatsApp conversations of undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria”.

For this study, the structuralism approach which is concerned with the internal relations of parts within a self-contained system, seeking to explore the use of signs in specific social situation was used.