CHAPTER guide, questionnaires and documentary review, through random purposive

 CHAPTER2REVIEWOF LITERATURE AND STUDIESThis chapter will show the literatureand studies from foreign and local authors that are used by the researchers forfurther understanding of the subject matter of this research.The Effects of School Location on Learner’sAcademic Performance: A Case of Community Secondary Schools in Makambako TownCouncil, Njombe            Thisstudy aimed to determine which distance affected the student’s academicperformance in secondary schools located in Makambako Town council. Mhiliwa(2015), the researcher, conducted his research in five community secondaryschools in Makambako TC. The data used in his research was gathered involved 2educational officers, 12 teachers and 200 students (consists of 80 boys and 120girls) with the use of semi-structured interview guide, questionnaires anddocumentary review, through random purposive sampling technique.

By usinginductive analysis procedures, the data determined that the longer the distancestudents travel in going to school, resulted in arriving to schools late andwith empty stomachs. The researcher claimed that location of school has lead tomass failure to most students and some have caused dropout thus fail to attaintheir educational goals.TheRelationship between School Distance and Academic Achievement of Primary SchoolPupils In Ovia North-East LGA, Edo State, Nigeria            This study aimed to investigate the relationship betweenacademic achievement and school distance of primary school pupils. Thepopulation was comprised by all the primary schools in the said location. Astructured questionnaire served as the instrument and was established using thetest re-test method to ensure its reliability. Using the Pearson Product MomentCorrelation (PPMC), the researchers analyzed the data gathered. The findings ofthe study revealed that there is a positive, but very low positive,relationship between the academic achievement of primary school pupils in OviaNorth-East Local Government Area and school distance. There is no significantrelationship explained between the two variables.

Germany:Long journeys to school undermine undermine Education            “Long journeys to school have a negative impact onstudent’s health and on their education achievement levels” said one of theconclusions of a recent study on absenteeism by the scientific institute of theGerman health Care insurance company AOK. According to VBE (Verband Bildung andErziehung) federal and national President Udo Beckmann, neither educationauthorities nor national governments examined the impact of long travel hours onthe student’s health and learning abilities in going to or from schools. Heclaimed that travelling for up to three hours per day tires a child’s body morethan in adults.

            Healso stated other consequential factors that affects a student physically andpsychologically like carrying a schoolbag longer, getting up earlier to go toschool and doing assignments later as well as reduction of free time necessaryfor a balanced life. Because of these reasons, students may suffer the outcomeslike exhaustion and headaches.  Adultsthat are part of a working environment have dealt and experienced such symptomsand are mentally stronger than children, which are much more subject to stressand exhaustion.