Ceuta control in 1580. From that point forward, Ceuta

Ceuta is a Spanish enclave situated in North Africa, circumscribed by Morocco and lies toward the finish of a restricted isthmus. It is governed as part of Cadiz province in Spain.

Both Ceuta and Melilla have a broadened history. The two communities date their unique establishment to the mariners and dealers of the old Mediterranean and the Phoenicians. Years later, Ceuta developed to end up plainly the site of a Carthaginian settlement, which in the end, was assumed control by the Romans. The city was then caught by the Vandals, who eventually lost it to the Byzantium amid the fifth century. As the years passed, Ceuta had been managed by the Visigoths, Arabs, Portuguese, until the point that the Spanish seized control in 1580. From that point forward, Ceuta has remained a purview of Spain, except for a time period from 1694 to 1720 when the Moors gained control.

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Ceuta and Melilla have been considered Spanish exclaves for the past five hundred years; however, they have never held colonial status under Spanish law. They were two of the fortified military settlements that Portugal and Spain conquered on the North African coast in the 15th and 16th centuries to fight piracy. Both cities predate African colonization by European powers and the Spanish protectorate over Northern Morocco. This protectorate was ended in 1956 after Morocco successfully fought a war of independence against France. Surely, most of Morocco was under the French protectorate, so when it was terminated, Spain had no influence or real power to continue its own protectorate.

After Morocco gained independence, it laid claim against the Spanish possessions that included Ceuta, Melilla and dependent positions such as the Penon de Velez de la Gomera, Penon



de Alhucemas and the Chafarinas Islands. These are still under Spanish sovereignty, populated by Spanish nationals and under the Spanish law which makes them an integral part of Spain.

            Spain claims these territories on historical grounds: right of success and terra nullius principles; longevity of occupation; national security and the UN territorial integrity of the state principle. Spain emphasizes that most of the inhabitants there are Spanish nationals and wish to stay under Spanish rule. Additionally, treaties were signed by Morocco and Spain in connection to the Sovereign Territories. Morocco contends that the UN standards of decolonization must be implemented because the Spanish occupation blocks the financial and political autonomy of the kingdom as the Spanish bases debilitate Moroccan national security.