Caroline Lucretia Herschel also known as “Caroline Herschel” was known for being a famous scientist of her time as well as William Herschel’s younger sister.
She was a pioneer in her time and lived in Germany with her family, they were all very musically inclined. She was born to Ilse Moritzen Herschel and Isaac Herschel and she was only one of ten of their children. She always liked astronomy (like her brother William) and her mother didn’t approve since it’s not what she wanted her to become. Therefore, in 1772 when she was 22 years old she moved from Germany to England with William to become his assistant. William was an organist in England and conducted at the time. To start off, Caroline Herschel was born on march 16 During the time Caroline lived with William in England she was his housekeeper and the first singer in his choir. She would do things like help William produce reflecting telescopes and polished and grinder his mirrors. Besides helping him, she enjoyed astronomy like him, and she mastered; algebra, conversion and formulas for calculations to observe the stars and measure astronomical distances.
In 1781, when William Herschel discovered Uranus, Caroline needed to decide between music and astronomy (working as a qualified assistant that she was named by the court; where she would receive 50 pounds per year). In 1783 when William did a 20 year search of the sky (area by area) he got Caroline to record what he saw as he looked through the telescope (they built together) and together, they discovered 2500 nebulae. After they found more non-stellar objects and placed them in a group they created called the “New General Catalogue” (NGC). On February 26, 1783 Caroline discovered NGC 2360 on her own.
Later, she discovered 14 new nebulae such as NGC 205, the companion to the Andromeda Galaxy. On August 1 1786 she saw an object slowly moving through the sky, and the next night, she announced the news by mail to other astronomers and from 1786-1797, she discovered 7 more comets. Later, she started evaluating nocturnal notations then, wrote treatises for Philosophical transactions, found 14 nebulae, calculated more (100’s) and catalogued more stars. Also, she created a substitutional catalogue from Flamsteed’s Atlas (and found 561 stars and an index). As you can see, Caroline Herschel was a very hard worker, and she went on to do many things in her life.Caroline not only accomplished many things but, she was also greatly rewarded for her accomplishments. In 1822, after her brother’s death, she moved back to Hanover where she was born and lived until the age of 22. In 1828, she received the gold metal of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Later, in 1835 she was named an honorary member and three years later, in 1838 the Royal Irish Academy of sciences in Dublin gave her to its number. When Caroline was 96 years of age, she won (on behalf of the King of Prussia) the gold medal of Prussian academy sciences. Finally, as most people know, she was the first woman to discover a comet, which was impressive since, her mother didn’t approve of that and, she was also the first woman to be officially recognized in a scientific position, and finally, she was also the first woman to have honorary membership into Britain’s Royal Society.In conclusion, Caroline Herschel was one of the most amazing scientists in her time and ours, and one of the first women to be recognized. She accomplished many great things in her long life and, it’s important to appreciate her since she broke some barriers that other women in her time did not. To conclude, you learned a bit about her family and personal life, what things she discovered, and what awards and achievements that she received.