Canadian Immigration Policies andhow they have impacted on its identity.Canada has an extensive and rich experience in regards toimmigration policies and immigrants and it’s deeply embedded in its sense ofnationhood. The immigration policy of Canada is one which is very explicit inpart due to it being the government’s population policy. Immigration policiesare tailored so as to control the growth of the nation. Since the era ofConfederation, the immigration policy has been customized to allow for growthof the population, provide financial capital and labor for the economy andlastly to settle the land.
The immigration policies of Canada has a long time actedto reflect the Canadian attitudes as well as the security concerns of thenation.Canadian immigration policies require immigrants migratingto the country to have a high proficiency on at least one official languagewhich is used in Canada. This means that the language spoken by immigrants hasa big impact on determining whether they will be allowed or not to enter intothe nation (Al-Haque and Marianne Larsen 11). The language effect on theimmigrants is emphasized upon since the nation mostly requires economicimmigrants who have identifications and are able to communicate fluently so asto be able to transition efficiently in the Canadian culture. The languageeffect is considered as a key element since facilitation of economic activitiesas well as the cultural and social participation in the Canadian ways of lifewill only be achieved by using a language which is instrumental in unitingCanadians and immigrants together.It has been observed that Canada has over the last centuryhad a less stellar record in matters of immigration policy. This is due becauseof having excluded or rejected Blacks, Jews, Chinese and Indians in various times.Currently, the country no longer practices these policies and so, the new imageprojected by Canada is one whereby all immigrants are not discriminated basedon their skin color or culture or even religion.
The government does howeverreject immigrants who are from certain occupations and there is a prerequisiteof the immigrants having a certain prerequisite in terms of their language proficiency(Nelson et al 7.). This in turn leads to having immigrants from certain partsof the world being only able to be accepted in Canada. In order to target a certain class of immigrants only,Canada in 1967 introduced the points system. This system targeted onlypotential immigrants who had characteristics which did coincide with thegrowing interests and needs of the nation. The points system had a number ofprograms which immigrants had to pass in order to fulfill immigration policies.The federal policy program is one of the points system used in thisdetermination. This program is responsible for having a total of 81% of all theeconomic immigrants’ admissions and 46% of the total admissions which areconducted.
Skilled workers are required to have at least work experience of oneyear in a skilled, professional or managerial occupation so as to qualify forthis program. They are further evaluated by the points system in regards totheir age, adaptability French or English proficiency and education level (Snooks3). Immigration allows societies to appreciate, respect andcelebrate diversity in terms of cultural differences as well as the minoritiesbeing allowed to express their own distinctive cultures. Assimilation andsocial integration is achieved by building common national identities. Canadaunlike other European nations which have had trouble in maintaining socialcohesion due to the risk of the rising ethnic diversity brought about byimmigrants has escaped violent protests, clashes and demonstrations between theminority groups and the state through being able to reasonably accommodate allother minority groups and immigrants in its borders(Snooks5). The variousimmigrants entering into Canada with diverse religious views as well as culturaldifferences have been able to leave in harmony with the local natives of Canadadue to a number of reasons.
Unlike other nations, Canada has never sought out to builda single national identity. Since its beginning in 1867, there were twofounding fathers who had totally different cultures, languages, histories andreligions. There are the French in Quebec and the English in Ontario. So it isevident the image of Canada from the beginning was one which aimed ataccommodating different cultures and groups as equals and in this process, ithas become a tradition which is still being observed. There are also concernsof protection of the minorities rights such as the English individualsinhabiting in Quebec as well as the French minorities residing outside Quebecduring the creation of Canada(Al-Haque and Marianne Larsen 19). Thismanifestation can be traced up to the recent creation of the Canadian CharterRights and Freedoms. Undoubtingly, this rich history of Canada has influencedgreatly the manner in which immigrants and individuals from other cultures aswell as other backgrounds are able to seamlessly integrate into Canadianculture.After the creation of Canada and even before it wasincepted, it was already a nation of immigrants.
Immigration has for a longperiod of time been a part of the natural order in which has led to theeconomic growth of the nation. A significant number of Canadians pridethemselves as a nation which embraces and welcome nationalities from diversebackgrounds, the expectation in return is to have the immigrants contributepositively towards the growth of the nation. Canadian immigration policy isdifferent from a number of European nations since it has different perspectivestowards allowing immigrants in its borders. This is evidenced from theimmigrants being highly educated sometimes much more than the Canadian borncitizens. This in return has led to the immigrants having high adaptationtowards modern knowledge based societies. In addition, the typical Canadianimmigrant is one who is considered as highly literate and has the skills tosucceed in the Canadian culture and society (Nelson et al.
23). So the imagecreated of the Canadian immigrants is one which they are highly motivated,ambitious, educated as well as a capable individual who has the potential tocontribute to the society in a positive manner. So, the image Canada hascreated when compared to other European nations and U.
S in general is that itsimmigrants are highly educated unlike their counterparts in other nations. In summary it is evident the immigration policies of Canadahave overtime favored immigration who are highly educated and have thepotential to contribute positively towards the economic growth of the nation. Canadaas a nation is tolerant and racially diverse thanks to its immigration policieswhich allow individuals from a number of societies around the globe to live inits borders