Benjamin Franklin was brought in this world on January 17th,1706, in Boston, United States. Benjamin is one of the most honored and brilliant personalities in US history. Also, one of the US founders, diplomat, scientist, philosopher, politician, professor, and inventor. Benjamin’s father, Josiah, was producer of soap and candles. When Benjamin was ten years old, he began helping his father’s candle store, tailoring candles. Although, he studied at school for only two years, and he used to read extensively in his free time. Also, he liked to swim a lot, and he even invented a device how to swim faster.
When Franklin was twelve he start working in his brother, James, typography as apprentice. Every evening he used to study the classical writers of his time, as well as arithmetic, navigation and grammar. After a while, he became an expert in journalism and typography. He secretly wrote a series of humorous letters that he sent to the gazette under the name “Mrs. Silence Dogood,” in which he laughed at the Harvard students and the unconscious poets. In 1728, Franklin and his partner found Hugh Meredith founded their first print shop.
Together they have published in a weekly news-paper called “The Pennsylvania Gazette”. Same year, he married, Deborah Read, with whom he had three children. In 1752, Franklin realized the lightning was an electric discharge from the clouds. With the help of his son William, Franklin made an experiment to test this paradox. The two went in a field during a storm, raised a kite and attracted the electric charge with a key. In 1753, Franklin invented the lightning discharger, to defend lightning buildings.
In 1756, Franklin published a book on electricity, and got elected as a member of the Royal Society, and received the “Copley Medal” after many experiments he did. His principles were based on the theory of modern electricity. Late, He sent the results of the experiments to scientists from England and France, who were impressed, thus choosing him as a member of the aforementioned society. In 1773, Franklin was nominated as one of the eight foreign associates of the Royal Academy of Sciences in Paris. He organized the first library in America, invented many things, and astonished scientists all over the world with his experiences of electricity. At that time he was also known in Europe, he being the one who persuaded the English to withdraw the “Stamp Act” and also persuaded the French to intervene in the Independence War.
In the United States, he contributed to the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution.