Ask yourself, is it easier tofollow someone else’ opinion or to form your own? In George Orwell’s 1984, theparty focuses on dumbing people’s thought ultimately numbing their common senseand ability to have their own thoughts and make their own decisions. It is madevital that the Party keeps the people in a state of paranoia. The party doesn’twelcome opposing ideas or thoughts, so they threaten death upon anyone who doeshave opposing ideas or thoughts.
This threat instills fear and paranoia intothe people as they wish to have their own opinion of the party. In 1984, the InnerParty perpetuates everlasting paranoia in the people by using Newspeak,Propaganda, and Telescreens.TelescreensTo begin with, telescreens are themain thing used by the Party to instill fear into the people. In the text,Winston describes the screens as omnipresent.
“There was no place you could bemore certain that the telescreens were watched continuously” (Orwell, 1949, p.107).For Winston, there was no place to hide from The Party. Everywhere he goes theyhave eyes and ears on everything he does and says.
This inserted fear into thelives of the people in thinking that the Party was right and in control. Aperfect example of instilling fear is when Winston was writing in his journal”DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER” (Orwell, 1949, p.18), and he began to panic because hewas afraid the telescreen had seen what he wrote down. Telescreens were alsoused to put false lies and news reports brainwashing the citizens of Oceania.The Party decides what exactly to tell the public even if it is falseinformation. The Ministry of Truth is responsible for the Party’s publicationand information.
PropagandaTo tie in with the telescreens,citizens of Oceania were under constant influence by propaganda. “And if allothers accepted the lie which the party imposed-if all records told the sametale-then the lie passed into history and became the truth”(Orwell, 1949, p.34).This quote is significant because it states that the citizens of Oceania wereunder the influence of lies that were being told to be passed down fromgeneration to generation. To fill their heads with brain-washing nonsense.
Thebillboards and media throughout the village supports the idea of thetotalitarian state. This is breaking down the independence of one’s individualmind. When “IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH” (Orwell, 1949, p.16) is flashed on thescreen it is an irony. The Party is telling the people they have strength dueto the fact that the citizens of Oceania are ignorant to the lies told by theparty. The more ignorant the people are to the Party’s lies, the more power theParty has. The slogan “WAR IS STRENGTH” (Orwell, 194, p.
16) is describing thepeople wanting the Party to win the war they are in turning them against their”enemy” to gain more respect and power above the people. This was a tactic toget the people to fight for The Party who has been manipulating them intobelieving the lies they tell them every day. The last slogan the Party uses is”FREEDOM IS SLAVERY” (Orwell, 1949, p. 16). This slogan is saying that theslavery of the people is the freedom of the Party. Bandwagon propaganda wasused by The Party with the Two Minutes’ Hate against Goldstein. The Party usesthis to have the Proles direct their anger at a specific person and believe thereason they are angry is because of Goldstein and not them.
This is an exampleof bandwagon fallacy. This is when one uses a fact somebody believes in theidea then must be true. Another threat The Party uses is to “vaporize” anybodywho does not support The Party, which eliminates doublethink and supports thateverybody loves Big Brother and if you don’t you will be eliminated. The otherfallacy is the genetic fallacy. In this case it is a rejection of an ideabecause of the origin.
Goldstein founded the brotherhood which is an enemy sothe Brotherhood must be an evil organization. NewspeakLastly, the Party uses Newspeak tokeep the people under their control. This is limiting the language so theProles have less individual thoughts.
Anything used as a negative such as”doublethink” just creates panic throughout the citizens. “The most effectiveway to destroy people is to deny and obliterate their own understanding oftheir history.”(Orwell, 1949, p.119) It is kind of irony that there is aMinistry of Truth that tells lies.
It is made to alter public opinion intobelieving what was being read was right and that The Party was correct. TheMinistry of Peace was only peaceful to The Party but not the people. The Partywould bomb Oceania to scare the Proles into believing there was a true wargoing on.
This was a tactic to have Eurasia and Eastasia start a war betweenthe two of them. The Ministry of Love was not used with love. Instead thetortured Winston into thinking 2+2=5 and not four. The Ministry of Love sleepdeprived, starved and tortured it’s victims with their worst fear Room 101.Nobody was released from The Ministry of Love until you believed in what TheParty wanted you to believe. The Ministry of Plenty is the correct name butonly for The Party. As you went down the food chain the less food the peoplegot.
If you were part of the Outer Party you got second hand tasting food andProles were basically starved, but if they decided to rebel they would betortured so they continued to obey The Party.ConclusionThroughoutthe whole book, The Party is clearly in charge of what goes on and the only waythey are successful is keeping the citizens of Oceania in a state of fear andparanoia. The Party inserts fear in the citizens making them not being able torebel in fear of their lives. “But it was alright, everything was all right,the struggle was finished.
He had won the victory over himself. He loved BigBrother.”(Orwell, 1949, p. 298)