As the use of technology increases overtime,the use of the internet and cyber space is also rapidly increasing. Cyber spaceis now a part of our daily routine. From banking, entertainment, transport evenour social lives are dependent on the internet. This over use of the internet comeswith a price and that may come in the form of virus, worms, hacking andidentity theft. The open use of cyber space has not just connected the entireworld with speed and ease but has also left the world open to hackers and otherindividual out for their selfish motives.
This paper will try to define what cyberwarfare and what are its impacts on modern society.Koblentz andMazanec have defined cyber warfare as ‘the use ofcomputer networks to disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy information resident inenemy computers and computer networks, or the computers and networks themselves'(Gregory D. Koblentz & Brian M. Mazanec 2013). As technology becomes moreand more advanced so does the ability to conduct war.
Criminals from around the globe have targeted bothgovernment and private networks to start information and cyber warfare which alsoentail attacks that are backed by political and military forces from around theglobe.The world began to see the dangers caused bymodern weapons in World War I when chemical weapons were introduced. After thatin World War II, nations developed nuclear weapons which led to the destructionof 2 entire cities. Today, in the war on terror, the US has unmanneddrones which can be used to strike terrorists without endangering the lives ofour soldiers. The ability to conduct warfare via advanced technologicalmethods has contributed to an increase in information security awareness andthe need for one to protect an entities infrastructure. Subsequently, with the advent of cyber warfarethere has been and increased risk of threats and vulnerabilities to systemsthat hold or transmit data.
The threat of acyber-attack on our nation’s infrastructure is now viewed by the majority ofAmerican’s as an imminent and credible one that demands greater resources andspending. A recent survey shows that that 92% of all Americans agreecyber-attacks pose a threat to public utilities, infrastructure andtransportation and 60 percent are in favor of increased government spending indefense of such attacks. Cyber warfare is viewed as an imminent threat in lightof increased news coverage of recent attacks. However, there is a divideamongst the people as to whether the corporations should be responsible fortheir own defense or if this is the governments’ responsibility (AmericansWilling to Spend More to Thwart Cyber Attacks: Survey, 2013, p. 1).