Antibiotics which is the good bacteria grow in an

Antibiotics                                                  

Antibiotics treat infections caused by bacteria such as streptococcus
species. When prescribed for bacterial infections, antibiotics should be taken
a few hours apart for a certain days. Antibiotics must be taken as long as
prescribed, even though the patient usually feels cured before the course is
completed. The timing maintains the concentration of antibiotic in the
bloodstream at an effective level. The length of treatment allows the
antibiotic to destroy the bacteria causing illness. If antibiotics are stopped
before the course is completed, the infection may come back and require
treatment again. Have you ever wondered that why doctors and nurses emphasize
on finishing the tablets and this is why. Antibiotics only treat bacterial
infections. Antibiotics are useless against viral infections such as the common
cold and fungal infections such as ringworm. Antibiotics are in effective against
viral infections and fungal infection therefore should not be prescribed. Does
not only cure the illness and in addition may cause side effects and allergic
reactions.

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There are many classes of antibiotics but the main ones are Penicillins
such as penicillin, Cephalosporins such as cephalexin, Macrolides such as
erythromycin, Fluoroquinolones such as ciprofloxacin, Sulfonamides such as trimethoprim,
Tetracyclines such as tetracycline and doxycycline and lastly Aminoglycosides
such as gentamicin.

 

The menace of drug
overdose

·        
Antibiotics Increase Fatal Diarrhea in Children

 

About 1 in 5 people who take antibiotics develops diarrhea.
Diarrhea may develop while taking the antibiotic or shortly after finishing the
medicine. This diarrhea will usually go away completely several days after the
antibiotic is finished. Clostridium difficile is a toxin-producing bacteria
that causes antibiotic-associated colitis which can cause severe diarrhea,
which can occur after the antibiotic therapy upsets the balance of good and bad
bacteria in your intestinal tract.

 

·        
Antibiotics Can affect intestinal flora

Antibiotics produce changes in the microbial and metabolic
patterns of the gut. Treatment with antibiotics can alter this symbiosis from
early stages of the treatment. Biodiversity of bacteria decreases during the
treatment to the point of reaching its minimum 11 days after the start. However,
at the end of the treatment, the situation is reversed and the patient presents
a bacterial population as the original. Intestinal microbiota decreases the capacity
to absorb iron, digest certain foods and produce essential molecules for the
organism.

·        
Antibiotics can change good bacteria to bad
bacteria

In your intestine, beneficial microbes which is the good
bacteria grow in an anaerobic environment while pathogenic bacteria such as
Salmonella is oxygen dependent. Antibiotics may promote disease by creating an
oxygen-rich condition that favours that growth of pathogens. In essence,
antibiotics enabled pathogens in the gut to breathe Andreas Bäumler, 2010. In
addition, by killing off intestinal bacteria, antibiotics have a detrimental
effect on your overall immune system. Just one course of antibiotics negatively
alters your microbiome for up to a year. This is why it’s important to only use
antibiotics when absolutely necessary.

 

·        
Antibiotic Resistance

Frequent and inappropriate use of antibiotics can cause
bacteria or other microbes to change so antibiotics ineffective against them.
This is known as bacterial resistance or antibiotic resistance. Treating these
resistant bacteria requires larger doses or stronger antibiotics. Due to
antibiotic overuse, certain bacteria have become resistant to even the most
powerful antibiotics available currently. Antibiotic resistance is a widespread
issue, Bacteria that were once highly responsive to antibiotics have become more
resistant. Among those that are becoming harder to treat are pneumococcal
infections which cause pneumonia, ear infections, sinus infections, and
meningitis. Besides, skin infections and tuberculosis.

 

 

·        
Allegic Reaction

If you are allergic to antibiotics, you get signs and
symptoms like a rash, swelling of the face or difficulty breathing. A severe
allergic reaction is known as anaphylaxis, and usually occurs within an hour of
taking an antibiotic. In this symptoms such as difficult breathing and talking,
swelling of tongue and throat, and wheezing can be seen. Most allergies are
caused by penicillin or antibiotics closely related to penicillin, or by
another type of antibiotic called sulphonamides. Feeling nauseous and vomiting
after taking antibiotics is usually a side-effect of the medicine, rather than
an allergic reaction.