Analyze the effects of the Market Revolution from 1800 through 1860 to determine which were the most significant.Document 1- Lagonda Agricultural Works Print: Features the reaper, from the 1830s, in Springfield Ohio. The print is probably an advertisement for the reaper, with the purpose of promoting it to farmers and visually depicting its form and function in order for them to want to use it for efficiency and greater bounties.Document 2- First Trip of Fulton’s Steamboat to Albany Print:Depicts the 1807 journey of Fulton’s steamboat, the Clermont, across the Hudson River.
Allowed the possibility of upstream commerce and fast transportation. Audience nor author is not specific, probably audience of the general public, perhaps in a newspaper print to inform of the new technology for transportation.Document 3- Mr. P.B. Porter on Internal Improvements speech excerpt:Porter is a U.S. representative from New York, giving a speech in 1810 to his audience of the House of Representatives.
He touched on the idea that the geographical boundaries between the east and the west that provided distinct separations of character and interests would soon equate in the separation and disunion of the U.S.. Porter is promoting commerce as the way to produce mutual dependence among the two sections.
Document 4- “Mormonism and the American Mainstream” excerpt:Author, Donald Scott, professor of history, 2004. While informing the reader of the exclusiveness and illegitimately concentrated power of the Mormons, Scott also describes Protestant America’s perception of them as “un-American” and “aliens”.Document 5- Update on the Cumberland Road Project, letter excerpt:From David Shriver, Jr., superintendent of Cumberland Road, to the Secretary of Treasury in January, 1812.
The letter’s purpose was to give an update on the progress of the new road, while expressing the need for money to make it bigger in order to reap more benefits from it, including increased connections and more job opportunities.Document 6- Cotton Kingdom StatisticsDemonstrates the majorly increasing demand for slave labor and cotton bales throughout the course of the Market Revolution, as a result of the rise of the Cotton Kingdom, due to increasing demands for cotton for textiles.Document 7- Factory Tracts Excerpt1845- Depicts a young girl who leaves the care of her aunt after her mother had fallen ill in order to provide for her wants by joining the factory workforce. Audience is probably the working public, it addresses the tyranny employer.
03.03 Assessment TemplateThesis:• Answers the question• Arguable• Alludes to the evidenceThe Market Revolution thoroughly altered the American dynamic throughout the first half of the 19th century through progressions in agriculture, infrastructure, and social developments.Supporting Point 1:(Include a brief statement explaining how this point supports your thesis.)The market Revolution advanced agriculture by the inventions and adoptions of new farming tools and techniques, and by the rise of the Cotton Kingdom.Documents Used:Documents 1 & 6Outside Information/Specific Evidence:The steel plow and reaper became integral tools in the course of the Market Revolution in facilitating farming in the northwest.
The Industrial Revolution created a big demand for cotton to produce textiles, and, along with the invention of the cotton gin, it pushed for the rise of the Cotton Kingdom in the south, where cultivation of wheat or corn was not possible.How do the documents and outside information support Point 1?Document 1 is an advertisement for the reaper, a horse-drawn machine that increases the harvesting speed and allowed for expansion of production in western farming where cheaper farming of wheat and corn was not possible in the east. Document 6 shows the relationship between the increasing need for both cotton bales, to hold the cotton, and slavery, to supply labor required by the rise of the Cotton Kingdom. Both of these developments allowed for more commercial opportunities.
Supporting Point 2:(Include a brief statement explaining how this point supports your thesis.)The Market Revolution increased connections between regions of the US by advancing its infrastructure.Documents Used:Documents 2, 3, and 5Outside Information/Specific Evidence:Before the Market Revolution, access to markets was limited in the interior regions of the US. With new infrastructural developments such as canals and railroads, like the Erie Canal or the National Road, goods, crops, and ideas could easily spread throughout the states quicker and with lower transportation costs. Robert Fulton’s successful invention of the steamboat made water travel speedy and cheaper, and allowed commerce to move upstream. Samuel Morse’s invention of the telegraph opened up a more efficient way of communication.
How do the documents and outside information support Point 2?Document 2 illustrates the first trip of Fulton’s steamboat across the Hudson River, which provided a way for goods and people to flow upstream and increase commerce and transportation. Document 3 discusses the importance of commerce in creating economic dependence between the north and south regions. Document 5 describes the development of the Cumberland Road of 1806, and mentions the benefits it would, and did, provide by creating easy access from region to region and providing jobs.Supporting Point 3:(Include a brief statement explaining how this point supports your thesis.)The Market Revolution initiated new social developments, including the spread of Mormonism, and a catapult in the amount of female and child labor in the public workplace.
Documents Used:Documents 4 & 7Outside Information/Specific Evidence:When the government stopped supporting established churches, many religious groups took the opportunity to promote the emergence of new denominations. Mormonism and LDS was founded in the 1820s by self-proclaimed prophet, Joseph Smith. “Mill Girls” dominated the workforce in textile manufacturing factories, such as Lowell, who provided boarding houses to convince parents to let their daughters enter the workforce in a time where few other jobs were offered to women.How do the documents and outside information support Point 3?Document 4 describes the reactions of many Americans to the emergence of Mormonism, which were widely negative due to exclusiveness and disturbing, alien factors like polygamy, showing the limits of religious toleration during the Market Revolution. Document 7 depicts a young girl leaving the care of her guardian, showing the newly defined society of women and child laborers.
How can you connect your argument to a different time, place or historical theme?The effects of the Market Revolution can be compared to those of the Industrial Revolution, which initiated many changes in the late 18th to early 19th century. These changes were particularly economic and social, with the spread of new innovations like mass-producing machines and factories, along with a new dynamic in the workplace with increased female and child labor.