Alissa JacobsEthnic Studies 1010Slavery Reading Notes1/12/2018 1. What was the role of cotton in the American economy? What role did cotton play in maintaining the system of slavery?” The role of cotton in the American economy was based on slaves! Cotton allowed planters, investors, the shipping industry and speculators to profit from the cotton industry. According to the article, “cotton’s economic potential seemed limitless.” The cotton industry allowed us to us cotton as collateral for loans that we used to buy more land for the United States. The role that cotton played in maintaining the system of slavery was that because cotton took a great deal of labor to raise, separate the seeds, to spin into thread and to weave into cloth it was a big thing in North America because North America had a lot of slaves who could do all the labor that cotton required! This then created a slave trade rush, where more slaves were imported to America between 1787 and 1807 than any other time throughout America’s history.
2. How did Native Americans such as Cherokees and Wyandot assimilate (adapt/modify their lives & society to the expectations of Euro Americans)?American leaders during this time claimed that Indian tribes that moved toward assimilation into the white society would gain protection from the federal government. The Native Americans such as the Cherokees assimilated by adopting European dress and religion, they even established a school system.
They also innovated a written form of their language and created/organized a form of government. The Wyandot assimilated by adopting the European ways of farming and living. They adopted Christianity, western dress, and enterprises like some of their English neighbors, similar to the things that the Cherokees adopted! The Wyandot Indians built houses, barns, mills, dug ditches, and carved roads through their territory similarly to what the white people were doing. 3. What is meant by the terms native “sovereignty” and “dependent domestic nations”?What is meant by the terms native “sovereignty and “dependent domestic nations” is that Indian tribes were sovereign before English powers became a thing and that Indians are “dependent domestic nations”, meaning they are lower in rank or less than that of the United States, and that they rely on and are dependent upon the United States for protection.
Basically, Marshall ruled that “Indian nations were not sovereign, that they were conquered nations that the U.S. could do with whatever it chose….
” This made it so that Indians were now viewed as dependent people, who didn’t have the ability to care for themselves and they needed the U.S. government’s protection! 4. How did the removal of Native people from their lands affect slavery and cotton production?The removal of Native people from their lands affected slavery and cotton production because the land that the Native people moved to was soon purchased by the United States and it was then soon discovered that a lot of Arkansas was good land for cotton production. At this time in history, cotton was one of the most valuable cops in the industry! Because of this discovery, the Native people were forced to move again to Oklahoma where cotton didn’t grow very well.
This also caused a need for more slaves, because there was now more land that the U.S. could use for cotton! 5. How did Southerners respond to efforts such as Nat Turner’s rebellion? How did he defeat impact blacks?The Southerners responded to efforts such as Nat Turner’s rebellion with groups of white militias.
The white militia would torture and kill any black person that they thought was even a little bit suspicious, whether they were enslaved or free, it did not matter! He defeated impact blacks by causing the white people to reinforce their ability to police the black people and restricting their activities even more than they had been previously. In Virginia, ALL black people were now prohibited from learning to read or write and were no longer able to have religious services in the evenings. Even the blacks that were FREE now faced the consequences of Nat Turner’s rebellion. 6.
What were Lincoln’s ideas and attitudes about slavery and blacks in America?According to the reading, Lincoln made it known that “the war was not aimed at destroying the institution of slavery or of white supremacy.” Lincoln’s ideas and attitudes about slavery and blacks in America at first were that he wanted slavery to continue as to not upset the people in the southern union and cause them to turn against us. But as the Civil war dragged on and the number of casualties were increasing, his ideas and attitudes about slavery and blacks in America were changing. Lincoln proposed a constitutional amendment that offered to play any slave owners that set their slaves free! This was so that the war could maybe be ended, and so that he could try to restore the union. But we could still tell that he believed that he thought that America should always remain a white nation. This caused the creation of the 13th amendment.
Lincoln believed that “black people were not fit for freedom and had no other place in America.” Lincoln wanted to reduce the number of black people in America. Lincoln was trying to pressure other countries to accept black Americans.