A’isha bint Abu Bakr A’isha bint Abu Bakr was born in 614 CE and died in 678 CE, her parents were Umm Ruman and Abu Bakr, both parents were prophets of muhammad and were the most trusted companions. A’isha bint Abu Bakr was among the earliest practising muslims which had an impact on islam and was a very important role in islamic, she contributed the the growth, development and understanding of islam. Later A’isha had become the first caliph in islamic history.
Muhammad had spent his last days with A’isha and had died in her arms in 632 CE, after the death of muhammad A’isha continued to deliver his message. A’isha bint Abu Bakr was one of muhammad’s wives at an early stage of her life and was the youngest of the wives being nine years old and was the favourite out of the rest. Muhammad had believed to have up to 12 wives.
When travelling a’isha had gotten separated from the caravan. She was later rescued by a man, some suspected that she had committed adultery, muhammad was urged by some and Ali to divorce her. Muhammad had believed a’isha when she denied of committing adultery and soon after muhammad had received a revelation which was contained in the qur’an 24: 11 – 13, that four witnesses were required to prove adultery.
This had assured muhammad of aisha’s innocence. It was said that A’isha was the nineteenth person to a new religion of islam. Her father Abu Bakr perhaps the closest of all companions of the prophet muhammad was an early converter. A’isha was the first child to grow up in a muslim family. A’isha marriage had bound the prophet and Abu Bakr closer common and religious and political objectives After the death of muhammad Ali had became the fourth rightly guided caliph, which A’isha did not agree with. Aisha had joined forces with some of the companions of the prophet and had rebelled against Ali which had started the battle of the camel.
Aisha’s army had met the army of Ali, fighting had broke out and which was called The battle of the came in 656 CE, Aisha had entered the battle mounted on the back of a camel. She had become the rallying point for her army and war broke out with muslims slaughtering each other in her defence. Ali seeing the viciousness of the fighting, had the camel cut down which had confused Aisha’s troops and had ended the battle, with the defeat of a’isha. Ali had a’isha escorted back to the medina, but his victory was short lived as he was killed in the battle against Muawiyah one of Uthman’s relatives in 661 CE. A’isha had returned to madina and lived out her life in relative seclusion. A’isha had never remarried and had died in 678 CE. According to Sunnis, the rebels who had been involved in the killing of Uthman, the third Caliph, were responsible for igniting the fight.
These rebels had gained much power after the killing of Uthman. It was difficult for Ali, the fourth Caliph, to instantly punish them for their role in the killing of Uthman, and this was the main reason which led to the difference of opinion between the two groups of Muslims. Some Muslims were of the opinion that they should be punished immediately, while Ali required time to punish them. This led to difference of opinion, and a group started campaigning to pressurize Ali to punish the rebels. But when both groups confronted each other at the place of Basrah, they started negotiating. When the rebels saw that the negotiations may lead to their punishment, they attacked both the armies and disrupted the peace process. According to Sunnis, Ali was the rightly guided Caliph, and hence his decision must have been obeyed.
Moreover, the hadith of Hawaab also proves that Ali’s opponents were wrong in their stance. But since they also were sincere in their intentions to bring the killers of Uthman to justice, hence they must not be condemned for the violence. Both Ali and Aisha resented the outcome of the battle. Ali said after the battle, “I wish I had died two decades before this incident.A’isha is the source of over 2000 hadith and had considered being responsible for 25 percent of Shari’a. A’isha had taught 85 muslim scholars during her life, A’isha is generally highly regarded by followers of Sunni islam, but she is not is not respected by the Shi’a variant of islam due to her attitude and had attacked in battle the son in law of the prophet Ali, A’isha remains one of the most important women in history of islam, she is also sometimes called ‘the mother of believers’.Aisha bint Abu Bakr had a huge influence on the development and expression of Islam, especially after Muhammad’s death.
Her ongoing efforts in spreading the work of the Prophet contributed to the strengthening of the Islamic tradition. Likewise, her individual pursuits in educating women and children displays her influential role and impact in the development and reform of Islamic society. Knowledgeable in the Qur’an due to her educated upbringing, therefore was able to preach the teachings of the prophet Muhammad throughout her journeys. Her close contact with Muhammad allowed her to learn and understand more of his work. Aisha’s skills in public speaking and writing assisted in her strong communication of the Qur’an and Muhammad’s teachings.
A’isha was a role model to sunni muslims and women as she particularly promoted the education of muslim women in the laws and teachings. A’isha also discussed the rights of women and had encouraged equality and power for women. Whilst also promoting leadership and responsibilities of muslim women in the household. A’isha was a prominent figure in politics which had allowed her to actively subvert the role of women.