Advantages vs Disadvantages of Video SurveillanceInthe international market Video Surveillance or CCTV (Closed Circuit Televisions)camera are in high demand by the consumer; this may include school, universitycampuses, big company etc.
The use of CCTV is growing daily and people only seethe advantages of having CCTV. If you buy a product it comes with its ownadvantages and disadvantages for example buying a smartphone, you love thedisplay, camera and design but the battery is not up to that mark; so therewill always be a disadvantage of buying something. AdvantagesIn Toronto, there are 500 CCTV cameras nearthe Eaton Centre and approximately 13,000 cameras around the Toronto Transit Commission(CTV News). There are numerous advantages of fitting a video surveillance butthere are certain guidelines we must obey if we live in Canada. In publicplaces such as TTC must inform the public about the installed camera, shouldeducate camera operators on the privacy of each individual, limit use and viewingrange and develop a policy on the use of video surveillance (Office of the PrivacyCommissioner of Canada).On planet Earth humans give their priorityto safety; you will often hear “Safety First”. CCTV cameras are used everywherefor example in banks, convenience store etc. The benefit of installing a cameraincreases public safety and personal safety.
If someone is shoplifting at astore they will be caught, if a robber breaks in a store they will caught. Whenthey see unethical situation occurring through this cameras, police can becontacted and they can move into the area and prevent any damage or crime. If a major crime has been committed forexample murder. Catching the murderer can be achieved very easily and they canbe punished for their crime. Since technology has improved over the years, the qualityof the video is also increasing. Faces can be easily recognized on the video; moreover,you can create posters of a criminal through that video. It can be printed innewspapers, magazines so catching a criminal can be easily done through CCTVcameras.
Another example is when Canada hosted Winter Olympic and ParalympicGames; this type of events causes large number of crowds and they had to keepthe athletes safe. Security had to uphold Canadian values – which was respectfor the privacy of individuals and the integrity of their personal informationbefore, during and after the games (Office of the Privacy Commissioner ofCanada). All the rules were applied as stated in the first paragraph inaddition, it gives a personal satisfaction to the owner for installing acamera. DisadvantagesAs there are numerous advantages of havinga CCTV camera installed, there are also disadvantages of using CCTV cameras inpublic places. People need to understand about other people privacy for exampleuse of video surveillance in public washrooms, spa treatments are prohibited (Officeof the Privacy Commissioner of Canada). People do like cameras but some can’tsimple affordit.
The startup cost of buying cameras is very expensive, inaddition you must buy separate monitors to view the video of the camera. Inmost cases you should avoid from recording audio but in some places like bankand airport it’s important to record audio as well. Those cameras are moreexpensive which record video and audio. Moreover, installing a camera harms yourpersonal life; even though there are government rules to minimize this but inthe end, you are still being recorded by someone which is ethically not right.Everyone has private life which they don’t want the government to see or anyoneelse to see it.
Many install cameras to spy on women and not giving them full securitythey deserve.After installing camera but to maintainthat camera is very hard; sometimes they might have technical problem and youmight have to spend some more money on it which people don’t want to. ConclusionAll in all, the use of video surveillancehas advantages and disadvantages; catching a criminal can be easily done, informingpolice before any damage is done but on the opposite side which include thestartup cost for buying a camera, spying on women, maintaining a camera andwilling to spend extra money if not working.
Following the proper procedure accordingto Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada on public places, mega eventsuch as Winter Olympic and Paralympic, private sector etc.