Adolescence isone of the most rapid stages of human development. Adolescence is a phase inlife with specific developmental and health needs and rights. It is also aperiod where adolescents develop knowledge and skills, learn to managerelationships and emotions. According to Sacks (2003), the adolescent years arebetween the ages of 10 and 19 years. Hormones trigger physical changes related to puberty.
Cognitive changes are experiencedby adolescent and involve improvements in complex and abstract thought, andalso the development at varying rates in different parts of the brain. Thechanges increase the propensity of riskybehavior among the adolescents because rises in sensation-seeking and rewardmotivation precede increases in cognitive control (Shulman et al., 2016).Adolescence canbe vulnerable. Today, adolescents are facedwith unique challenges and so is the society.
Media has a great influence onteenagers. Different forms of media such as computers, television, video games,and social networking sites hugely impactthe life of an adolescent. If used well, media can be a tool to advance theknowledge and skills of teenagers. Nevertheless, the information overload onthe media can cause serious concern.
Television programs and social media sitescan confuse adolescents on sexuality and cause them engage in a risky sexual behavior.Ashford and LeCroy (2009) argue that the rate of sexual activity amongadolescent has increased. There has been an increase in deviance amongadolescents and media has contributed. Acts of deviance include substanceabuse, alcohol use and violence among adolescents. Over 3500 studies concludethat there is a relationship between increased levels of viewing violence inthe media and increased aggressive behavior among young viewers. Watching mediaviolence cause desensitization especially among children (Neinstein, 2008).The challengesthat adolescents face today affects their learning outcomes. These challengeswill affect the way I teach.
All adolescents need explicit attention, but it is important to recognize that someadolescents are particularly vulnerable (WHO, 2018). Understanding thedifference between being a child and becoming an adult is key. Also, I willwork on understanding how this transition into adulthood is defined andrecognized in various communities. Humphrey and Schmalleger (2011), argue thatthere are social forces that shape deviance and explain both its change andstability. Social contexts influence deviant behavior among young people, and it is, therefore, significant to understandit and to handle each case differently. Although the order of various changes inadolescence appears to be universal, thespeed of change and timing vary from one individual to another. Both thecharacteristics of an adolescent and external factors such as a violentupbringing, affect the changes.
This willalso influence the way I teach and hence understandingeach individual, as well as the externalfactors, will be efficient in my teaching practice.