ACKNOWLEDGEMENTThiswriting about Christianity would not have been possible without the support ofmany peoples.
I want to express my gratitude to my class teacher, Madam AlinaShuhaida binti Mohammad Ramly who was abundantly helpful and offered invaluableassistance, support and guidance. Special thanks also to my group mates,Nusaibah, Nurain Najihah and Nurul syafiqah for helping me to write about Christianity.I really grateful that I managed to complete this assignment within the timegiven by Madam Alina Shuhaida.
My thanks and appreciation also go to the peoplewho are directly or indirectly helped me out in developing the assignment. INTRODUCTIONReligionis important to explain the unexplained, thereby giving humanity a sense ofcomfort in a world of chaos. Food, as it to continue life, is an essential partof religious rituals, symbols, and customs, daily life deeds aimed atestablishing an orderly relationship with the spiritual or supernatural realms.Many of the characteristics that shape dietary habits come from religious laws.
Throughout the world, many people avoid to eat certain foods because they wantto follow their religious beliefs. Different types of diet must comply withyour religion when planning your meal. CHRISTIANITYChristianityis a religion based on the teachings and miracles of Jesus. Jesus was blessfrom God the Father who came into the world, follow the Old Testament laws andprophecies. Jesus died because of the cross, and dead physically. Christianity believethat there is only one God that exist. They believed that God made the earth,the universe, and created Adam and Eve.
In the world, Christianity has morefollowers than any other religion. The dominant three branches of Christianityare Roman Catholics, Protestantism and Eastern Orthodox Christians. The belief ofthe Creed of Nicene and Apostles told that that people are protected throughthe grace of God, Jesus’ life and death, and his resurrection as Christ.
Formost Christian sacraments mark the main stage of worship and retain individualworshipers. The observed sacraments, and their manner of observation, differamong Christian groups. The seventh Roman Catholic sacrament, for example,baptism (entering the church of Christ), confirmation, (the soul receiving theHoly Spirit), the Eucharist (taking part in the holy presence by sharing wineand bread ), unification (healing of mind, spirit and body), marriage (theunity of a man and a woman through love), peace (confession and rejection) andthe ordination of scholars. ROMANCATHOLICISMThereare many people who follow Christian religion in the United States which isRoman Catholics. The followers of Roman Catholics are almost 1.3billion whichis the highest than other religious traditions. Even if you combined theChristians, and compare to all Buddhists and Hindus, Roman Catholics still havethe highest followers.
When compared to more Muslims, Roman Catholics isgreater than the Sunni Islam tradition ROMANCATHOLICS FEAST DAYSTheRoman Catholic Day is a day set aside to remember people and important eventsthrough the journey of Faith from the birth of Mary all day through this dayhonoring the saints. In addition to Easter (Christ’s resurrection after thecrucifixion), and Christmas (the birth of Christ), Americans in the UnitedStates also celebrate New Year’s Day, Announcements (March 25), SundayPentecost (fifty days after Easter), Immaculate Conception (8th December), Assumption(15 August), All Saint’s Day (1 November), and Palm Sunday (Sunday beforeEaster). ROMANCATHOLICS FAST DAYThehistory of Catholic Church observes that the discipline of abstinence and fastingat various times each year.
Fasting is a reduction in food intake for theCatholics, while for the abstinence, its refer to the deferment of meat and alsoother types of food. The Catholic Church believes that all people are requiredby God to redeem their sins, and the redemptive acts are physical and alsopersonal. The purpose of fasting is for self-discipline, strengthen yourspiritual, imitation of Christ, and redemption.ForRoman Catholics, fasting only confirms one full meal per day in the afternoon. Youcan still consumed food intake in the morning or evening.
The abstinence lawrequires a Catholic aged 14 years to refrain from eating meat on Friday torespect the Passion of Jesus on Good Friday. Meat is considered as meat andorgans of mammals and poultry. Also prohibited is the soup or gravies theymake. Salt and fish species, reptiles, amphibians, and fish shells arepermitted, and animal products for example such as gelatin and margarine.Thelaw of fasting need the Catholics from the 18th Anniversary (Canon 97) to the59th Anniversary, to minimize the amount of food consumed compared to the usualintake. The church explained this as one serving per day, and two small mealsthat if combine together will not exceed the quantity of the main meal.
That kindof fasting must be at Good Friday and Ash Wednesday. Fasting can be break byeating between food and drink that can be considered as food (milk protein ormilk shake, but not milk). Next, the fast cannot be break by consumed alcoholicbeverages, but it can create conflict with the spirit of redemption.
Inaddition to those who are out of age, those who are not minded, sick, weak,pregnant or breastfeeding mother that need to consume meat, manual laboraccording to their needs, are people who are excused from fasting orabstinence. EASTERNORTHODOX CHRISTIANITYTheEastern Orthodox Church is like the old Catholic Roman Catholic Branch, eventhough are unusual in the United States. The Orthodox Church consists of fourteenchurches, five of them which are Constantinople, Jerusalem, Cyprus, Alexandria(Egyptian Coptic Church), and Antioch.FEASTDAYS IN EASTERN ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITYEasternOrthodox festivals are Christmas, Theophany, Annunciation, Easter (First Sundayafter the full moon after March 21), Ascension (40 days after Easter),Transfiguration and the Birth of Theotocos of the Holy. Easter is celebrated onthe first Sunday which is after March 21 and it is one of the important holidayfor Eastern Orthodox religion.FASTDAYS IN THE EASTERN ORTHODOXRulesfor fasting in the Eastern Orthodox Church are quite strict. There are days inLenten season when the members are encouraged to control their food strictly oravoid eating together.
Lent is the forty days before Easter. On the thirdSunday before Lent (Meat Fare Sunday), all the meat inside the house is eaten.On Sundays before Lent which is cheese fare Sunday, they eat all the cheese, eggs and butter inthe house.
The next day, Lenten quickly started on Monday. Onthe second week of Lent, they are allowed to consume full meals on Wednesdaysand Fridays. Even-though many members do not follow the rule. On weekdays is aquarantine of meat, dairy products, eggs, wine, oil and fish which are limited.This also applicable to any food products that contain all these items. One weekbefore Leprosy, all the animal products such as meat, are cannot be eaten.Friday is a day for completing the fast where a member is encouraged not to eatanything.
Thosewho receive Holy Communion on Sunday refrain from drink and food before doing theservice. Besides, fasting is to prove that the soul can rule the body. Next, nomeat or animal products such as cheese, eggs, milk and butter are eaten. On topof that, fish is also must be avoided, but shellfish can be eaten.
The Orthodoxfollowers of Greece or the more obedient did not use olive oil in quick days,but would eat the olives. PROTESTANTISMThe16th-century religious movement known as the Reformation build by the Protestantchurches by kept arguing and asking about the practices of the Roman Catholic Churchand ultimately separating itself from its teachings. The man who are in chargefor the Reformation was Martin Luther which is the German Augustinian monk whotaught theology. In the history, it stated that he started the movement in year1517, when he patted a document containing 95 protests against some Catholicpractice at the castle’s door at Wittenberg. He then expanded his position. Tenyears later, some countries and Germany organized the Protestant LutheranChurch based on the teachings of Martin Luther.Themost important food ordinance in Protestant churches is the Eucharist, alsocalled communion, or the Lord’s Supper. However, apart from the liquid andbread as the piece offered, there is little consistency in the celebration ofthis procedure.
It may indicate a meeting with the presence of a living God,remembering the Passover Module that Jesus attended, the continuity oftradition through society, or the individual spiritual experience. Althoughwine is traditional, many churches change to grape juice during the Prohibitionand continue this generous practice. Some churches offer wine / juices in asingle shared cup, while others provide small and separate cups.Manyliturgical churches, such as the Lutheran church, offer a wafer similar toCatholic practice. Others like Methodist, often use bread pellets. There areexperts in baking for bread and many denominations only use cut white bread. FASTINGPRACTICES IN PROTESTANT CHURCHESAmongmany Protestant churches, there are various suggestions on fasting duringLeprosy.
This is a result of the Reformation where leaders such as MartinLuther and John Calvin want new believers to focus on salvation by the grace ofGod rather than traditional spiritual disciplines.TheGathering of the Lord views fasting as a form of self-control and is animportant practice, though it is not obligatory. The members can voluntarilyand privately decide to practice them with the understanding that it is notdone to calm the favor of God.· The EpiscopalChurch is one of the few that specifically fasting duringLeprosy. In particular, experts are asked to fast, pray, and give alms to AshWednesday and Good Friday.
· The MethodistChurch also sees fasting as the personal concern of itsmembers and has no regulation about it. However, the church encourages membersto avoid indulgences such as favorite foods, hobbies, and entertainment such aswatching TV during Leprosy. · The LutheranChurch delivers fasting in Augsburg Recognition. He says,”We do not condemn the fasting itself, but the tradition that sets certaindays and certain flesh, with the danger of conscience, as if these were thenecessary services.” Therefore, although it is not required in aparticular fashion or during Quarantine, the church has no problem with themembers fast with the right intentions. The Baptist Church has not have day of fasting, either. If the members want to strengthen his relationship with God, he can fasting to prove it.
· The PresbyterianChurch are seen as a church that can be seen as a practicethat can bring members closer to God, help them against oppression and rely on Him for help. SEVENTHDAY ADVENTISTSSeventh-dayAdventist Church recognizes the autonomy of every individual and the power ofhis choice given by God. Instead of controlling the behavioral standards,Adventists call upon each other to live as a positive example of God’s care andlove. Some of these examples are by trusting that God calling us to take careof our bodies, maintaining health and treating them with respect for divinecreation worthy. The size and advantages, even if something good, can hurt ourhealth.Thepractice of Adventism is very different from the church to the church. Some aremore conservative, others are more liberal.
Some examples are:· Homosexuality:Similar to conservative Christian denominations, SDA does not allow homosexualordination. Besides, loving and having the same sex partner are cannot bemarried or have their recognized or blessed from other people. · Sabbath:it is the most obvious practice that distinguishes them from most otherChristian churches is that they follow observing Saturday as their weeklySabbath (from Friday to sunset).
Some followers greet “Happy Sabbath”when they meet. · Education:People believe that the higher the education, the highly respected people inthe church. It is said that the rate of college graduates among Seventh-DayAdventist membership is about twice the US national average.Adventistsbelieve the welfare key lies in a balanced and simple life. Nature creates a lotof beautiful things that lead to lively health. When properly used the freshair, sunlight and pure water can promote a clean and healthy life. Avoidharmful chemical substances such as tobacco, alcohol and doing regular exercisecan lead to wise choices. A balanced vegetarian diet that avoids the use ofmeat coupled with intake of legumes, cereals, nuts, fruits and vegetables,along with the source of vitamin B12, will promote healthy health.
Adventistsbelieve that illness is a result of a violation of health law. Vegetarian isgenerally practiced because the Bible states that the diet in Eden does notinclude meat. Most Adventists are lacto-ovo-vegetarians (dairy products andeggs, but not meat). Some take the meat, but they avoid pork and mussels. Mrs.White encourages the use of nuts and nuts instead of meat, replacing vegetableoils for animal fat, and using whole grains in bread.Adventistsdo not drink coffee, alcohol and tea and they also do not use tobacco products.On top of that, water is considered the best liquid that must be eaten onlybefore and after eating, and cannot be taken during the meals.
Food that arehighly seasoned and contained hot spices such as mustard, chilies powder andblack pepper are must be avoided. Besides, eating between meals is notrecommended as the food cannot be properly digested. ISSUESABOUT FOOD ALLERGIES VS FEASTING AND FELLOWSHIP IN THE CHURCHEatingcan be a source of fellowship, but in a fallen and allergic world, it can alsochallenge. For most people, eating is a wonderful opportunity for Christianfellowship.
But for people with allergies, it can be a source of division andisolation. The festivals of the Church that serve as a symbol of unity andChristian identity can be complicated in the fallen world. The commoncelebration is good, but it can also be complicated. If we want to love ourbrothers in Christ well, then it is time to think deeply about foodsensitivities and their relationship with Christian hospitality andself-sacrifice.Foodallergies cases are increasing. We know friends and family members who havefood allergies. Maybe we have allergies by ourselves. Given the reach of socialmedia, we also hear the stories of children and teens who have experiencedanaphylactic shock after a bite of Rich Krispies Treat.
The cause of foodallergies is unclear but the effect can be irritating such as skin reactions,eczema, rashes, itching and watery eyes, and congestion. For others they arelife threatening because of breathing difficulties, obstruction of respiratorytract or swollen tongue, dropping blood pressure, chest pain, loss ofconsciousness and sometimes death.Forthose with food allergies, the shared schedule can be a minefield. Since riskallergies arise to the church, many churches begin to set up food policies asthey are in school. Some will label meals that are allergen-free or set them ona table set to reduce pollution, while others offer gluten-free bread forcommunion. As allergic awareness grows, so does the church’s ability to bearthe burden of those who endanger their health every time they gather to eat asa congregation.Churchmembers are also beginning to bear their burdens by recognizing the differencesbetween the risk of allergy and the preference of food present in variousbodies.
If two decades ago have seen an increase in food allergies, they alsosee growing interest in food sources, with many consumers increasingly becomingaware of what they take into their bodies and doing the food just clean,organic, or local food. CONCLUSIONThedominant three branches of Christianity are Roman Catholics, Eastern OrthodoxChristians and Protestantism. Food rules differ from another Christian groups. Thereare groups that are not observing any restrictions. It is important to rememberthat religious dietary practices vary even among members of the same faith.
Inconclusion, the choice of food is caused by different causes and religions. Therole of food in cultural and religious practices can make us understand and alwaysresponse and respect other people from different religion.