Acculturation:Acculturation means cultural modification of an individual group, or people byadapting to or borrowing traits from another culture.
In other words it meanssimply adjusting and adapting oneself to the conditions prevailing. “Theprocess of acculturation is a slow one – sided (the minority seekingintegration with the majority) one and is not without a sense of loss andexile. It is not a clear transformation, it gives rise to hybridity markingdifferent stages of acculturation” – Malik 156.Most characters tend toalways struggle for acculturation in Indian novels. The protagonists of thenovel are lead to alienation, frustration, sequestration, segregation and questfor identity. In Indian novels there are abundant characters. A cross –cultural condition erupts when the people of two or more cultural groups comein closer contacts. What they bring nearer, along with some other notions istheir willingness in parting with their much sustained totality of heritage,habits, customs.
Even if these groups predispose, they cannot merge thedivergent cultural identities. This chiefly occurs due to the individual’s strongindigenous psycho – cultural background, which puts them at the social crossroads.Jhumpa Lahiri is anIndian – American author who was born as Nilanjana Sudeshna Lahiri in London onJuly 11, 1967, of Bengali Indian descent. Lahiri was born in London, thedaughter of Indian immigrants. With thefamily nickname, “Jhumpa,” coming to be used by school teachers,Lahiri went on to attend Barnard College in New York, focusing on Englishliterature. She read at Boston University and obtained three master’s degreesin Literature. Jhumpa Lahiri also completed a Doctorate in Renaissance. JhumpaLahiri is a Pulitzer Prize-winning author known for works of fiction likeInterpreter of Maladies, The Namesake, Unaccustomed Earth and The Lowland.
Lahiri’sfirst book “Interpreter of Maldives” published in 1999 received plenty ofaccolades immediately. In 2000, she was awarded the prestigious Pultizer Prizefor this fiction. “The Namesake” was her first novel published in 2003.
Thisnovel was adapted into a film by women director Mira Nair. It was in the year2008 Lahiri came up with her second collection of stories “The UnaccustomedEarth” and it bagged the prestigious Frank O’ Connor Short Story Award for2008.