According to the National Highway Traffic SafetyAdministration (NHTSA), distracted driving is defined as any activities thatchannels attention from safety driving such as texting or talking on the phone,eating and drinking, talking with the passengers on your vehicle, listeninghard to the radio, or anything that takes away the attention of the driver tosafety driving. In accordance to this statement, Texting is the most alarmingdistraction.
“You cannot drive safely unless the task of driving has your fullattention” as noted by this article. NHTSA also noted that in 2015, A total of 3,477individuals were killed and 391, 000 were injured in motor vehicle crasheswhich involves distracted drivers. During the daylight hours, about 660,000drivers are using mobile phones while driving. And this creates massiveprobabilities of death and injuries on United States roads. (NHTSA, 2017)According to WHO in relation to NHTSA, studies from severalcountries reported that the percentage of drivers with the usage of mobilephones while driving has increased over the past 5-10 years, ranging from 1% upto 11%. This study states that usage of mobile phones by drivers can decreasethe attention while driving such as, taking their eyes off the road, their handoff the steering wheel, and their minds off the road and other surroundingsituations.
This type of distraction is commonly known as cognitivedistraction, which become visible to have the biggest impact on drivingbehavior. There’s a lot of causes reported when a driver is under the usage ofmobile phones and these includes, reaction to traffic signals, impaired abilityto keep in the correct lane, shorter following distances, and an overallreduction awareness in the driving situation. Studies also suggest that theusage of mobile phones while driving would be more likely to engage four timesinvolving in a severe accidents or injuries. Mobile phone use by drivers ismore driven by the technology itself, their focus transfers in reaction on aringing phone, regardless of the traffic or driving safely. Being cognitivelydistracted, mobile phone use divides the attention between the conversationthey are involved in than to drive safely.
Overall study reported that the useof mobile phones, whether hand-held or hands-free while driving was increasinglyleads to serious accidents or injuries (WHO & NHTSA, 2011).Mobile phone use while driving lessens performance or safetydriving. According to this study, young adult drivers were more likely toengage in using mobile phones while driving and lead to higher risk of severeinjuries (Bates, et al., 2014). Using mobile phones while driving is one of themost serious driving distractions and its negative influences were alreadysupported by recent researches and studies. In 2014, among 656.3 ten thousand ofall road accidents in China, 47.
2% reported caused by mobile phone use whiledriving. According to this study, there are four usual distracting activitiesof mobile phone use while driving which includes answering calls, making calls,reading messages and texting and sending messages which is the top most of itis texting and sending messages while driving. This study identified that the four most frequent usages of mobilephones while driving and several self-regulatory acts for indemnify for drivingimpairments (Zhou, Yu, & Wang, 2016). One study states that at least oneof every two motor vehicle drivers reported in engaging in distracted driving.
Turning down the driving speed and increasing the distance from another vehiclein front were the most prominent task-management strategies for texting ortalking while driving. As a result, drivers who are consciously use strategy toavoid police detection were reported to be more likely to engage in distracteddriving (Trespalacios, et al., 2017).