According to the video posted, Arabs are
considered as the nearest neighbors to Europe via the Mediterranean Sea. When
we say Arabs we do not mean only Muslims. There are also Christian and Jewish
Arabs. In addition to that, we always relate “Hijab” to Arab women; however,
there are Free Arab women who do not wear “Hijab”. Islam propagated in the Arab
World (Persia, Byzantium, Damascus and Baghdad…. Etc.). the video pointed also
on Pilgrimage or “Hajj” gathers Arabs from many countries such as Saudi Arabia,
Egypt, and Sudan etc.
Another definition to Arabs affirms that
they are a group of people from countries that are different, which form the “Arab
League” (Gelvin, 2015). As Gelvin said, we can see Arabs from perspective that
claims that it is “a geographical expanses from West to East and From North to
South” (Gelvin, 2015). Moreover, in order to distinguish Arabs there are some
ways as Gelvin said in “poetry, movies and Soap Opera” and also in “shared
language” (Gelvin, 2015).
We cannot characterize Arabs only by
language or by culture as Rodinson said. As I said before according to a video,
Rodinson assure what is said in the video. Not all the Arabs are Muslims, there
are also Jewish and Christian Arabs. In addition to that, muslims are devided
into “Sunnis” and “Shi’is”(Rodinson, 1981). Rodinson is his definition
says that “the variant of the Arabic Language, history
and cultural trait, degree of Arab Awareness” (Rodinson, 1981).
Berkey tackeled the “Pre-Islamic arabian,
jahiliyyaa, or time of ignorance” period, which refers to Arabs before Islam. As
the Islam discovered, The Koran was the Guide of Muslims. “In some ways it was
a very different world than that of Egypt, the Fertile Crescent, and Iran, in
which Judaism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism, and a residual
paganism contested for followers and for authority” (Berkey, 2002). From a political
view or Berkey arabs were defending their “nobility which means “charaf” in Arabic.
It was one of the things that should be respected by everyone because it means
a red line to Arabs. “The dominant religious traditions of pre-Islamic Arabia
remained polytheistic, but little can in fact be known with certainty about
them.” (Berkey, 2002). “Arabs of the peninsula” and “the Near East “have many
common points and mainly religion. (Berkey, 2002). Berkey gave an example of “the
Ghassanid kingdom”since they hedged the Roman and The Arabian countries. (Berkey,
In my point of view, the history of Arabs or the definition of Arabs
cannot be complete if we tackle only Muslims or only white people. Because the
Arab World gathers people from different races, and different religions. Islam
plays a big role in the Arab world since the majority of Arabs are Muslims.
However, the other religions also exists in the Arab world. All The religions are
all united to form the Arab Unity. There was a stress between Arabs and Others
especially Romans, but this did not affect neither the Arab World nor the
All in all, Gelvin, Rodinson, and Berkey defined Arabs from different
perspective and with different methods. This assures that the Arab World is a
wide world that needs a deep study from numerous perspectives and sides, so
that a complete definition can be formed.