This work presents what has done in the past, what is done right now and what wemight see in a short future, by researching about past innovations of the VirtualReality and observing the news for usage of Virtual Reality devices or plans.Virtual Reality (VR), sometimes called Virtual Environments (VE) has drawn much attention in the last few years. Extensive media coverage causes this interest to grow rapidly. Very few people, however, really know what VR is, what its basic principles and its open problems are. In this paper a historical overview of virtual reality is presented, basic terminology followed by applications of this technology in science, work, and entertainment areas. An insightful study of typical VR systems is done. All components of VR application and interrelations between them are thoroughly examined: input devices, output devices and software. Additionally human factors and their implication on the design issues of VE are discussed.
Finally, the future of VR is considered in few aspects: architectural, technological and social. New research directions, technological frontiers and potential applications are pointed out. The possible positive and negative influence of VR on life of average people is speculated.Keywords. Virtual Reality; graphics; Virtual Environment; simulation; architecture.I. IntroductionToday computer graphics is used in many aspects of our life.
Nowadays it is difficult to imagine an architect, engineer, or interior designer working without a graphics workstation. In the last years the stormy development of technology brings more faster computers equipped with better and faster graphics boards and other components. It is possible for an average user, to move into the world of computer graphics.What is Virtual Reality (VR)?Virtual reality is an artificial environment that is created with software and presented to the user in such a way that the user suspends belief and accepts it as a real environment. On a computer, virtual reality is primarily experienced through two of the five senses: sight and sound.What can Virtual Reality do for us in our normal life?Virtual Reality gives us a lot of possibilities. Not only for explore a complete different worlds as for example in games where we can feel even more like we are part of this artificial world, but also helps us optimizing and planning for operations, and gives people possibility for training new skills for example air force use virtual reality for training new pilots.There are so many things which we can do with Virtual Reality, so in next years we can expect a significant growth in popularity of virtual reality, as well as rapid development of this technology.
The prognose says that Virtual Reality will bring up to 2.300 Million US Dollar with even the doubled sales in the years 2017 (“Virtual Reality – Prognose zum Umsatz weltweit bis 2018 | Statistik,” n.d.
). Oculus Rift selled 60.000 DevKid1s (Vrland, n.d.) and 45.000 DevKids2 until July 1st 2014 (cybereality, 2014), which indicates that the market is growing and people are aware of the technology.