A) Clinical DiagnosisMalariacan be diagnosed clinically based on the symptoms that appear on the patient.
Thefirst symptoms of infection are: · fever, · chills, · sweats, · headaches, · muscle pains, · nausea and vomiting Thesesymptoms are not specific because they resemble the symptoms appear in commonviral infections.Incomplex stages of malaria infection (caused by Plasmodium falciparum), thesymptoms are:· confusion, · coma, · severe anemia, · respiratory difficulties aremore specific for malaria.B) Microscopic Diagnosis:In this way of diagnosis, the parasite is simply examined under themicroscope. A drop of the blood of the infected person is microscopicallyexamined.
Treatment:· Malaria diseasecan be treated and prevented. The way malaria is treated depends on the species ofplasmodium, and on how severe the disease is. The first aim of treatment is to make sure that allthe plasmodium parasite has been eliminated from the blood.
This is to prevent thecomplication of the disease that might lead to death. One of the methods oftreatment is to prevent the transmission among infected persons.· Spraying the mosquito that transmitthe disease is one way of preventing the spreading of the disease.· The disease can be treatedat one of the following stages:1- Suppressive treatments:kill sporozoites before they infect the liver. 2- Therapeutic treatment: tokill merozoites during the erythrocytic phase so it is given during an activeinfection.
3- Gamitocidal treatment: targetsthe gametocyte so prevent the spread of disease.Howare red blood cells affected?Redblood cells contain hemoglobin that help to transfer oxygen to all body cells.Sincetrophozoites digest heamoglobin, the red blood cells cannot carry enough oxygento the body’s muscles and organs, leaving you weak and faint.