A) one of the following stages: 1- Suppressive treatments:

A)     Clinical Diagnosis

Malaria
can be diagnosed clinically based on the symptoms that appear on the patient.

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The
first symptoms of infection are:

 

 

·        
fever,

·        
chills,

·        
sweats,

·        
headaches,

·        
muscle pains,

·        
nausea and vomiting

These
symptoms are not specific because they resemble the symptoms appear in common
viral infections.

In
complex stages of malaria infection (caused by Plasmodium falciparum), the
symptoms are:

·        
confusion,

·        
coma,

·        
severe anemia,

·        
respiratory difficulties

are
more specific for malaria.

B)    
Microscopic Diagnosis:

In this way of diagnosis, the parasite is simply examined under the
microscope. A drop of the blood of the infected person is microscopically
examined.

Treatment:

·        
Malaria disease
can be treated and prevented. The way malaria is treated depends on the species of
plasmodium, and on how severe the disease is.  The first aim of treatment is to make sure that all
the plasmodium parasite has been eliminated from the blood. This is to prevent the
complication of the disease that might lead to death. One of the methods of
treatment is to prevent the transmission among infected persons.

·      
Spraying the mosquito that transmit
the disease is one way of preventing the spreading of the disease.

·      
The disease can be treated
at one of the following stages:

1-    
Suppressive treatments:
kill sporozoites before they infect the liver.

2-    
Therapeutic treatment: to
kill merozoites during the erythrocytic phase so it is given during an active
infection.

3-    
Gamitocidal treatment: targets
the gametocyte so prevent the spread of disease.

How
are red blood cells affected?

Red
blood cells contain hemoglobin that help to transfer oxygen to all body cells.

Since
trophozoites digest heamoglobin, the red blood cells cannot carry enough oxygen
to the body’s muscles and organs, leaving you weak and faint.