Obesity is a medical condition defined asan accumulation of excess body fat that lead to many health problems andreduced life expectancy. Obesity usually associates with hypertension,diabetes, cardio vascular diseases (CVDs) and dyslipidemia 1. Obesity is commonly measured by theBody mass index (BMI), which is calculated as the weight in kilograms dividedby the square of the height in meters. Normal BMI is considered between18.5 to 24.
9. However, Overweight, obesity and extreme obesity are classifiedas the following: the BMI for overweight is 25.0 or greater and less than 30.0,obesity BMI is 30.0 or greater and lastly extreme obesity is BMI 40.0 orgreater 2.Development and building of cities hasoccurred rapidly which has changed the old lifestyle of traveling, to sedentarylifestyle, which contributed to increased obesity 3.
The prevalence andincidence of obesity are increasing rapidly to epidemic proportions inindustrial areas as well as worldwide. It has increased three folds between1975 and 2016 and more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight in 2016 4.