In recent years there is advancement in thesystem performance,technologies in wireless communications.
Wireless networks need networks in which mobile nodes can communicateover paths. In MANETs, network survivability is must by which the batteryextent of the nodes get weak. Thus to continue the network period the routingprotocol is needed to raise the energy of the node. Multiple routing protocolssupport routes to flood the packets i.
e., route appeal is directed by the sourceto achieve facts concerning the ways. MANETs can be classified into three generations:first, second and third generations. In 1970’s the ad hoc network firstgeneration are called Packet Radio Network (PRNET). In early 1980’s SurvivableAdaptive Radio Network (SURAN)is evolved from PRNET. The function group ofMANETs made the routing code standardized and resolve the agents like PDA’S,palmtops, notebooks. Few standards like Bluetooth, IEEE 802.11(WLAN’S) aredeveloped to maintain the MANETs.
For several years from 1970’s to 1990’s thereare changes in the generations of MANET i.e., finally some standards are madeto maintain the MANET. Energy efficiency is to be regarded as a factor inMANET. Mainly the packets are transmitted based on the: · Distanceof the route· ResidualEnergy of the node. Thus the route that isefficient and possible in transmitting packets can be identified.
Route appealis directed by the source to find the route that is capable. All the ways that are possible can be find .The facts about the nodesenergy aligned and the connections are sent over the Route Reply.
At any timethe channel breaks, the Route Error is send. When this happens the sourcetransmit the package through the path to the destination without anyinterruption. This can be done with the multipath routing protocol which are referredto the one path routing protocol.
In one path routing once the link breaks thepackets cannot be transmitted. Whereas in multiple routing other routes can berefered to send the data packets. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is the algorithmfrom which the fitness function is derivative. Fitness Function is mostly usedto find the optimal path.The optimum route is the route with:· Lessdistance and· Consumesless energy.
The optimal path minimizes theenergy loss and maximizes the network lifetime. Thus the proposed FF-AOMDVperformance in maximizing the network lifetime is possible compared to theAOMDV.