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0px 8.0px 0.0px; font: 11.0px ‘Trebuchet MS’; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000}span.s1 {font-kerning: none}Philip Morris Glass is an American composer who’s style has often regarded as minimalistic. He was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1937. His family were Jewish emigrants from Lithuania. His mother (Ida) was a librarian and his father (Benjamin) owned a record store.

Philip was influenced by his father and began to form an appreciation for music from a very young age. He later discovered that there were many musicians on his fathers side of the family. It is also believed that Philip was distantly related to Al Jolson, the renowned American singer, comedian and actor. Philip recalls listening to music with his father from a very young age. His father had a vast knowledge of classical and contemporary music and would spend a large proportion of his time siting in his armchair listening to various composers. Philips first instrument was the flute in which he studied at the university-preparatory school of the Peabody Institute.

Although Philip didn’t study music in University, he always spent practicing and composing. After discovering and being influenced by the serialism of Anton Webern, Philip went on to compose a twelve-tone trio. In 1954, he traveled to Paris. Here he encountered the films of Jean Cocteau which inspired him to continue composing. Philip later went onto study keyboard in the Julliard School of Music. His compositional teachers included Willian Bergsma and Vincent Persichetti.

He achieved great success in 1959 when he won the BMI Foundation’s BMI Student Composers award. After leaving Juliard in 1962, he moved to Pittsburg where he worked as a composer. During this time, Philip was very active and composed various Orchestral, chamber and choral works.In 1891, Philip began to composer Glassworks which is a chamber music work consisting of six movements.


The following three steps could’ve ensured that Nike wasactually paying attention to the rising criticism and attempting to addressthem – Firstly, Knight as the CEO could’ve made sure that local translatorswere used while interviewing the workers. Secondly, the primary objective ofthe report could’ve been to try and address the main issue of factory wages.Thirdly, rather than using photos and a wishy-washy kind of format, Nikecould’ve instructed specifically to use statistics and data which would’vemaintained the sanctity of the report.Nike executives had consistently argued that they weretargets of an uninformed media campaign, pointing out that although Nike wasbeing monitored by activists and the media, no one was monitoring the monitors.Such claims were nothing but instances of futile attempts to restore publicrelations. There was denial all the way right from the beginning, andrather than accepting faults and taking a strong step towards effectivelyhandling the critics, Nike was acting like a child caught stealing and itshoarse cries failed to have any effect on its criticsA debate ensued around the topic of market wages and whilelabor activists argued that workers in the developing nations were overworkedand paid minimal wages, which were not enough for sustenance, Economists, onthe contrary, argued that wages were driven by market forces.

Paul Knightcould’ve taken a stance and decided to at least make sure that Nike paidattention to the working conditions. The Young Report although slammed by oneStephen Glass gained negative popularitybecause of its method of research. Later on, it was found that Glass’s work hadbeen fictional and lacked solid ground. Knight could’ve taken this opportunity to make a comeback by arrangingfor an independent audit at that very moment to display Nike’s commitmenttowards bettering the lives of the workers in Indonesia. That would’ve beenseen as a positive step on Nike’s side.