11/##/2007: TheArecibo ObservatoryJamie The Arecibo Observatory, situated in Arecibo, Puerto Rico isa massive radio telescope managed by several national research institutions.Initially constructed in 1963, the telescope stands at 1,000 feet. Up until2016, the scope held the record as the largest single-aperture telescope in theworld. Scientists conduct three types of research; radar astronomy, atmosphericscience, and radio astronomy. Researchers interested in using the observatorymust first submit a proposal. An independent scientific board then evaluatesthe proposition. The observatory also plays a role in media culture, appearingin video games, films, and television productions.
Several important scientificfindings have been made using the facilities. In 1964 a scientist by the nameof Gordon Pettengill and his team discovered that the time required for Mercyto complete a full rotation was 88 days, not 59. Researchers also recorded thefirst image ever of an asteroid in 1989. 11/##/2007: PuertoRico JamieSituated in the northeast of the Caribbean Sea is theCommonwealth of Puerto Rico. The name translates to “rich port.
” Aseparate entity from the United States, the territory is made up of multipleislands; these include the mainland of Puerto Rico and the smaller islands ofCulebra, Vieques, and Mona. Altogether, the total population is roughly 3.4million, with the capital of San Juan being the most populated city. Englishand Spanish are the main languages.
According to American law, the governmentrecognizes individuals born in Puerto Rico as citizens of the United States.Residents can freely travel between islands. During Christopher Columbus’second voyage in 1493, he discovered the islands. Formerly inhabited by peopleof indigenous Taino tribe, Columbus claimed the lands for himself. Throughouthistory, Puerto Rico has undergone numerous invasion attempts by the Dutch,British, and French.
11/##/2007: TheEcosystems of Puerto Rico JamiePuerto Rico is home to numerous flora and fauna species. Thetropical environment and climate have led to the formation of multipleecosystems; including terrestrial and aquatic. The resulting biodiversitysupports many species that are endemic to the area. The sheer number of plantand animal species makes the territory a hot spot for biologists. A significantportion of terrestrial mammals inhabiting the islands are not native to PuertoRico. Human interactions have introduced species such as goats monkeys and catsto the area.
A total of 349 species of bird reside on the islands, with humansintroducing nearly half of all species. Warm temperatures, fertile soils, andabundance of water provides the ideal conditions to support over 1,000 floraspecies. Many plant species are exclusive to the area, as a result ofadaptation to the high humidity levels.
11/##/2007: OldSan JuanJamie Established in 1509, Old San Juan sits as Puerto Ricosoldest settlement and holds great historical significance. Three bridgesconnect Old San Juan to the mainland; Puente San Antonio, Puente Dos Hermanos,and Puente G. Esteves. The city lies on a small island located along the northcoast. The settlement consists of seven square blocks.
To the west is theoldest section, with the northern division comprised primarily of residentialareas. The commercial district lies in the southern region. In 1966 the citywas listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Many buildingsconstructed in the 16th and 17th century remain intact. A Spanish explorer,Juan Ponce de Leon founded the initial settlement in 1508. Formerly known asCaparra, the origin of the name came from the Province of Caceres, Spain. In1509 the original establishment was moved to a new location, known as”Puerto Rico.
” The formal name “San Juan Bautista de PuertoRico” was changed again in 1521. #/##/2007: LiberiaJamieLocated on the West coast of Africa is the Republic ofLiberia. The country spans a total of 43,000 square miles with a totalpopulation of approximately 4.5 million people. The majority of the demographicis made up of 16 officially recognized ethnic groups.
This variation inethnicities has resulted in more than 20 different languages spoken. Englishremains the official language. Before being established as a country, the areawas formerly a settlement of the American Colonization Society.
The groupbelieved people of African descent would face difficulties in America and wouldhave an easier time establishing freedom in Africa. Despite declaringindependence in 1847, the United States failed to recognize the country’ssovereignty until the American Civil War in 1862. The country consists offifteen counties, further subdivided into 90 districts. The counties ofMontserrado and Grand Bassa are the oldest, founded in 1839.