1. violations. This Act brought about the need for

1.  Understand whydebates regarding the meaning of justice are relevant to students of thepolice.            These debates arerelevant to students of the police because it will affect how the police treatcitizens fairly and equally and in turn how the citizens respect thepolice.  Justice is needed to keep “lawand order” in a society but that cannot be achieved if government and/orcitizens have very different views of what they believe is just.

   2.  Why should thepolice be concerned about protecting the civil rights of American citizens?       A police officershould both maintain law and order but also protect a citizen’s civilrights.  The police should carry theknowledge that protecting the civil rights of American citizens will help keepour country from being taken over by an overbearing government.    3.  Explain the impactof the Civil Rights Act of 1871 on actions of police in America.       The Civil RightsAct of 1871 allowed individuals to sue the stat in federal courts for civilrights violations.  This Act broughtabout the need for police officers in America to be sure that all citizens,regardless of color, not be deprived of their constitutional rights.

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  With this act, the officers needed to beconcerned about be liable to the party deprived of their rights.   4.  Describe thefunctions of a justice system in addition to providing “law and order”.       The justicesystem provides other functions than just providing “law and order”.  Other functions of the justice system includelawmaking, prosecutingIt is their responsibility maintain social control,rehabilitate convicts and give improve the life of victims  5.  Describe how thecommon law system of justice differs from other justice systems.             The common law system of justice differsfrom other justice systems because it derived from decisions made in thejudicial court system.  These courtdecisions are known as judicial precedent.

 As other justice systems rely on written laws, common law systems relyon precedent.    6.  Provide anoverview of how America’s police system is structured.       The police systemof America consist of national, state and local level agencies.  National level police agencies include suchagencies as the.  The state level includesagencies the “State Police” and each counties “Sherriff’s Departments”.  The local level agencies make upapproximately 73% of the total police agencies.

Within the local level agenciesthere are different types of agencies, such as, town, city, villages, housingdistrict and transit authority police.  7.  Identify the moreimportant federal police agencies and describe their responsibilities.         Federal policeagencies consist of approximately 100 different agencies.

  The largest agencies include the Justice, Treasuryand Homeland Security Departments.  TheDepartment of Justice holds the following departments:  Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms andExplosives; the U.S.

Marshals Service and the FBI. The Department of Treasury consistsof the Internal Revenue Services (IRS) which creates and distributes money andcollects federal taxes.  The Departmentof Homeland Security was created to protect the United States from terrorismand has now become the largest of all federal agencies.

  Some of their duties include:  Customs and Borders Protections; Immigration andCustoms Enforcement; Transportation Security, U.S. Secret Service and theSecret Service. 8.  Describe how thepolice “fit” within the U.S.

justice system.       The policeagencies, in our U.S. Justice system, are needed to enforce the laws in oursociety.

  These officers are expected tohave high moral standards and their actions are watched closely.  They have initial responsibility to decide whethera crime has been committed and if an individual should be charged.  This is an important and potentiallydangerous situation that is affected by many challenges.   9.  Explain why the”Four C’s” are relevant to police-community relations.       The “Four C’s”related to police community relations are known as:  Communication, Cooperation, Competition and Complacency.   These “C’s”should be followed to have a successful criminal justice system.  Communication must exist between our communitiesand police agencies so both understand what is needed for a safe society.

  Cooperation with the police helps encouragefaith and trust that our justice system can work if followed.  Competition between police officers andelected officials will only create the same competition with citizens.  Complacency of a police officer is the sameas anyone creating a crime and it should not be accepted.  Officers should lead by example.