1. IntroductionMyanmar (Myan, mar), is a perfect country,where endless landscapes, ancients civilizations and adventures places fill itshuge land. Think typical forests surrounded the half of country, beautifulgolden pagodas and well-preserved temples fill the landscape. The temples aremore than 200 years old and covered in gold. All of local people war skirt-like”lon-gyi” and women beautify with ThaNaKha (yellow-white cosmetic paste having perfumedscent made from ground bark). The most greeting sentence say from all of localpeople that”Mingalarbar!”Consecutively north to south, the hugeIrrawaddy River divides the country in two. If you love travel and lookout for excitingand most historical places, please don’t look further than Myanmar. No-oneargues Myanmar isn’t one of the world’s most exciting destinations.
LocationMyanmar is situated on Southeast Asia, neighbouringwith Bay of Bengal south and Andaman Sea. It is bordered in east by Laos andThailand, in north and northeast China, in west by Bangladesh and the Indiastates of Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. People also known this country as”Burma” and called “The Golden Land”. AreaThe country covers area of 676, 578 km2,10th largest country in Asia and 2nd largest country inSoutheast Asia by geographical area. TheClimate The climate of Myanmar is humid normally.Myanmar has 3 types of seasons.
The hot season is generally from March toApril. The rainy season is from May to October, the temperatures would thencool off. The southwest tropical monsoon starts between mid-May and mid-June,making the frequent rain falls till October. The cold season is most beautifulstarts from November to February and the temperatures remain relativelypleasant, cool breezes from north blow across the country. However, the climatetends to vary considerably from place to place because of differences inlatitude and the marked variety of topographical relief.
Ethnicgroups There are 135 distinct ethnic groups inMyanmar. The 8 major national races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Burma, Mon,Rakhine and Shan. The country’s population is estimated to be over 60 millionand most of the people live in Yangon, the old capital of Myanmar, with apopulation of over five millions. Yangon continues to be the country’s largestcity and the most important commercial hub. EconomyMyanmar is rich in natural resources suchas natural gas, petroleum, timber, jade, gems and jewelleries and so theeconomy mainly relies on agricultural products, oil and gas, gemstones andtourism. HistoryThe most prehistoric primates is PondaungMan who may have lived 40 million years ago, discovered in Pondaung, northernMyanmar.
After those eras, many cities and states came out, and then emerged 3big empires. The First Myanmar Empire (AD 1044) is founded by King Anawrahtar.He organized the little states and villages into a single empire. The SecondMyanmar Empire (also known as Hantharwaddy Dynasty) was founded by King BayintNaung in AD 1287 at Bago. The last Empire was Kongbaung Dynasty (AD 1752) foundedby King Bodaw Paya. Although several years has passed, the culture stillremains unspoiled unlike any destination you have ever been.
TransportationTaxis are available everywhere in Yangon(Rangoon). Local countrywide transportation is available by Airways,Roadways, Railways and Waterways. Three domestic airlines suitable for visitorsare Air Bagan, Air Mandalay and Yangon Airways. There are many express buses inMyanmar and bus fare is normally cheaper than other transportations. You maywant to visit by River cruise if you got plenty of time.
BusinessHoursBusiness Hours is usually from 9am to 5pm forprivate companies and 9:30-4:30 for government offices.