1. The scope of the field of child development is verybroad and vast. The child development field pertains to how children grow anddevelop from conception to the end of adolescence. Some areas of childdevelopment focus on understanding principles of development in children. Thisincludes concepts such as the rates of which children develop, physical skillslearned by children, and any neurological developments.
Other areas seem tofocus more on how race, culture, and other ethnic factors can affect childdevelopment. They also look into what makes each child unique and special. Inother words, what makes this child different from the others. No matter whatarea is being evaluated, child development specifically focuses on behaviorfrom childhood to adolescence. 2. It’s almost hard to imagine a time where children werenot the main focus of our lives.
The perspective of childhood has drasticallychanged since the 1600’s where children were given no special status and simplytreated as a regular adult. Nowadays, we see childhood as an important time forchildren to grow and learn. Childhood is a time for children to learn the basicrules of life, develop social relationships and friendships among peers, andultimately discover who they are as a person. Schooling is a perfect example ofevidence that helps support our perspective of childhood today. School is themain place where children will learn about the world itself as well as thenegative consequences it has to offer such as bullying and stereotyping.Families and households also affect how children develop.
Whether you havesiblings, divorced parents, or come from a privileged household, all thesefactors can shape you into the person you are today. 3. The field of child development has many key issues andquestions arising in its future. Some of these issues and concerns deal withhow development is changing, whether life span approaches or focused approachesare more affective, and argument of nature vs. nurture. Child development isalso concerned with whether it is continuous or discontinuous. The threetopical areas of child development include physical development, cognitivedevelopment, and social and personality development.
Physical developmentmainly focuses on how parts of the body such as the brain and senses affect thebehavior of children. Cognitive development leans more towards how intellectualabilities can affect the way a child behaves. Social and personalitydevelopment looks into what sets individuals apart from one another and howsocial relationships change and grow over a period of time. 4. History-graded influences are associated in remarks to aspecific historical event. For example, children who lived in Las Vegas duringthe mass shooting may be affected by this particular event.
Age-gradedinfluences focuses on people who are within the same age group. Individualswill then experience biological events around the same time. A common exampleof this would be puberty. Sociocultural-graded influences affect developmentdue to factors such as social class and ethnicity. Being raised in a differentpart of the world will affect how you develop in comparison to someone else.Lastly, non-normative influences are special life events that are unique toonly one person. An example of this would include winning a competitive golftournament.
5. Locke and Rousseau had almost opposite views on theirperspectives of children. Locke used the term tabula rasa, or blank slate, todescribe a child. In relation to this term, Locke believed children were bornwith no personalities or characteristics that set them apart from others.
Theywere simply shaped by their environment and experiences. Locke’s perspectivegoes hand in hand with the nurture aspect of the nature vs. nurture argument. The nurture point of view also states thatbehavior is based off of environmental influences. In contrast, Rousseaubelieved that children were born with a sense of morality and a sense of rightand wrong. Unless children were swayed by negative affairs, children were ableto grow into laudable and trustworthy children and adults. Rousseau’s viewscorrespond with the nature aspect, which says that abilities, traits, and othercharacteristics are already there by inheritance from parents.
6. Continuous change and discontinuous change both look athow the child is developing throughout a period of time. In continuous change,the change is gradual and quantitative.
Each achievement or success is builtfrom the previous achievement and each underlying processes that drives changeremains the same. For example, height would be continuous change. As a childgrows older, they will normal grow about the same amount each year. As fordiscontinuous change, each change occurs in specific steps. Each behavior fromeach step is said to be qualitative because the behavior varies for each step.An example of discontinuous change would be intelligence. Each child doesn’tnecessarily gain the same amount of intelligence each year; it varies from yearto year depending on certain factors.
7. Critical periods are a certain period of time when aspecific event with have its most traumatic effects on the development of thebaby. A critical period can also be a time where certain stimulus is necessaryto help development move along properly. A mother who takes drugs or drinksalcohol during a critical period may cause irreversible harm and damage to thegrowing baby.
On the contrary, sensitive periods are a time when a living thingis more prone to particular stimulus from the environment. In other words, asensitive period is the ideal time for particular instances to occur. Forexample, if a child is not exposed to language during a sensitive period, thenthere may be a delay in language in the child. It is important to introducechildren to certain stimuli in order for proper development. 8. The life span approach allows researchers to study thedevelopment of children from childhood to adolescences. Every stage of lifebrings about different changes and growths and with this approachdevelopmentalists can study and observe each change.
Another advantage of thelifespan approach is that you get to look at a vast amount of aspects thatgoing into someone’s life. These include things such as social life,socioeconomic status, relationships and other things. Each of these aspects maybe different at a certain time in someone’s life. This also involves the peoplewho influence development every day.
Parent’s, for instance, will play a hugeimpact on the development of a child. Two parents will not parent theirchildren the exact same way another set of parents does, causing children todevelop differently and uniquely. 9. Just like many other studies, the field of childdevelopment has many future trends on its way. Like most research, childdevelopment will soon become specialized as new studies will emerge. As thefield continues to grow, many different perspectives will start to arise aswell.
New information will also become apparent in the future, and work fromcognitive, biological and social factors will be tied together. To this day,the United States’ ethic and racial culture is continuing to expand. Thisgrowth will lead researchers to pay more attention to things involvingparticular issues in diversity.
Lastly, professionals in numerous fields willpull and draw information from the findings of developmentalists, making theirwork even more useful and beneficial to all.10. In any situation, you can’t always trust theinformation you find. Whether you find information on the TV, a newspaper, orthe internet, this by no means makes the information legitimate. One strategyfor determining if information is valid is by checking where it came from. Youwould be better off trusting something found on an AMA page versus findingsomething on Wikipedia where anyone can edit things.
Another thing to look forwhen checking credibility is to research the author and check out there credentials.A well-known, knowledgeable expert would know more than someone withuntrustworthy credentials. Lastly, the popular opinion is not always thecorrect one. Many people may believe something is true, but that doesn’tnecessarily mean it is accurate.