1. highlighted in the book as criteria for measuring

1.     This
book addresses and examines sensitive issues and complex questions regarding “gender”
which plays an important role in the development of the society. There are some
extremely critical issues which have been highlighted in the book as criteria
for measuring and analyzing the gender empowerment. It places emphasis on the
fact that gender difference and stereotypes thereby attributed to each gender
type is sociological. This book propagates the idea that gender equality must
entail the perception that men and women are free to develop their best ‘self’
and break away from the rigid-gender and prejudices in the patriarchal society.
It is essential to empower women to achieve gender equality. Thus, empowerment
of women encompasses several issues related to women like women empowerment and
government efforts, empowering rural women through local self-government, role
of education as a key factor for women empowerment, development and welfare,
economic and political empowerment of women and role of women’s organizations
in women empowerment. This book is divided into five sections where each
section focuses on the need of women empowerment in India and cases relating to
gender disparities.  The first section –
Gender: Current Status  includes papers
addressing the socio-economic status of women by analyzing Human Development
Index(HDI), Gender –related Development Index(GDI) and Gender Empowerment
Measure (GEM) ,Total Fertility Rate (TFR),male-female sex ratio, access to
health  facilities, etc. The second
section- Gender: Some Issues  covers
issues related to gender discrimination , rights of  women, women literacy and empowerment  , economic empowerment of women and health policies.
The third section- Policies towards Gender Empowerment emphasizes the
importance to equalize opportunities between women and men. The major policies
evaluated in this context were related to health and nutrition, training and employment,
legal safeguard and gender budgeting for women. The fourth section- Gender and
Rural Development talks about gender empowerment and development of rural women
and gender disparities in rural workforce participation rate. The fifth section-
Gender: Select Interventions For Gender Development highlights ways of
empowering women through self-help micro- credit programme and gender budgeting.
It places importance on education and health care facilities in order to
improve the quality of life of the female with special schemes in the Five Year
Plans. Human Resource Development is a vital factor in alleviating inequality
between women and men. Rights of women must be protected .The 73rd
Amendment (1993) to the Constitution of India has provided for reservation of
seats in the local bodies for women creating strong foundation for their
participation in decision – making at local levels.