SOIL POLLUTION DUE TO LANDFIILL AND ILLEGAL DUMPING
Land filling sites are
the areas where all the garbage, rubbish, electronic waste and other solid
waste are dumped into the land areas. This land filling is very common in the
world in almost all the countries which leads to soil pollution. Today it
became a very serious problem due to increase tin the population,
industrialisation, and increase in the organisation of various sectors like
school’s offices, hospitals and malls, hotels, restaurants etc.
DISCHARGE OF INDUSTRIAL WASTE INTO THE SOIL
Industrial processes and
construction activities, agricultural industries and power plants waste
products pollute the soil parameters. The main products are obtained from oil
refineries, pharmaceutical companies, releases different types of biproducts,
and waste materials which cause the soil pollution.
EFFECTS OF SOIL POLLUTION
There is a great damage
regarding soil pollution on land areas plants and on human beings. mining
impact leads to deterioration of physical, chemical and biological activity of
the environment, and effects the flora and fauna. Mainly there is a removal of rich
top soil which contains essential nutrients to the plants. The plants reduce
their metabolic activity and result in decrease in the percentage of
biochemical activities production in the plant like chlorophyll content,
relative water content, ascorbic acid, reducing sugars and other important enzymes.
Open cast mining produce lot of waste than other types of mining methods. The
agricultural soils become coarse and looses the water retaining capacity and
reduces the crop yield. Gradually after few years the land becomes unsuitable
for cultivation. The dust generated by the crushing units passes away from one point
to another point by means of wind direction and settles on the top soil and
changes the soil texture. This dust makes any open water resources becomes
polluted by dissolving some of the minerals and metals in the water and becomes
unsuitable for the drinking purpose.by inhaling dust particle distributed air
by human beings cause lung disease and kidney related problems.